History: Medieval Ages (Notes) (3.2 (3.2.2: Artwork. (Artworks helped…
History: Medieval Ages (Notes)
There are many things that historians use to provide them with information.
These things were like art works, written sources, artifacts, monuments and buildings.
Artworks helped people imagine what it was like living in the Middle ages.
Artworks showed the lives of the different ranks in the hierarchy. From peasants growing crops in the village to kings and queens living in their castles.
The scenes that were shown in the artworks gave Historians a somewhat clear visual of what things were like back then
3.2.3: Written sources.
Literature such as stories and poems that were written during the middle ages managed to survive over the centuries and now have become very useful things for Historians to gather more informations.
3.2.4: Artifacts, monuments and buildings.
Many buildings and monuments and artifacts survived the middle ages and now are great providers of information for people to know what thing people used and what type of places they used to live in.
3.5: The Feudal system
Charlemagne - The king of Franks
He was a strong christian monarch who turned his followers Christian.
this lead to the religion of Christianity becoming more widespread in europe.
Old king of modern day France
From 768 CE to 814 CE
introduced the feudal system to the previously chaotic environment.
The Feudal kingdom
they gave land to churchmen and wealthy fams in turn for their support in running the empire.
took hundreds of years for this to flourish in europe.
owns all the land in a kingdom
the second most powerful land owners
In return for the right to land and control over peasants who worked it, these nobles (or tenants-in-chief) were required to give the king their loyalty, fight for him in wars and provide him with a proportion of taxes collected from the peasants.
knights/ Sub tenants
In return for land, they gave loyalty to their lord, fought for him and provided him with taxes from their peasants.
In western European countries such as England, the clergy swore loyalty to the Pope in Rome over their king. However, they also supported the feudal system by accepting the monarch and the lord as God’s earthly representatives. Well-educated clerical advisers were often assigned to the king’s service and helped keep social order.
Created in the 800 CE
Everyone had equal amount of power over those below them
If nobles/lords broke oath with king, he could take back their land and source of power
Towards the end of the Middle Ages, towns and cities based on trade began to grow. The rich merchants who ran them could afford to defy or ignore the king and his lords. They could even afford to hire their own knights to protect their interests and the power of feudalism began to decline.
Feudalism was an effective way for the kings to control their nobles and lords.
Link to the coggle of the Knight
Questions to answer:
Using SOURCE 1, write a short paragraph explaining how the Black Death spread across Europe, Asia and Africa.
the main reason of the spread in the black death was spreading through trade routes since dieases can be carried in products, livestock, and just in general like if the trader themself gets sick.
In which continent did the Black Death have the most impact? Why do you think this might be?
It is Europe because they didn't know anything about the Black Death whereas other countries might have known. Also, cleanliness wasn't exactly a thing in Europe so the Black Death had most of its effect there
Describe an example of action taken to improve sanitation and public health after the plague had ended.
Advancments in medicine to stop diseases like this
What aspects of the illustration in SOURCE 1 lead to the conclusion that they still did not understand about infection control?
they arent wearing any gloves or cloth, there are many people many of which arent doing any thing, there are animals. Also,
3.3: The Impact of the 'barbarian' invasions
3.3.1 The fall of Rome.
The 'Dark Ages' is sometimes used to describe the time of the Early Middle ages, from the fall of the Roman Empire in 476 CE to about 1000 CE.
It was said that at that time, the 'light' of Rome extinguished.
Europe had plunged into chaos until it began to advance in knowledge and learning in a time known as the Renaissance.
Historians tend not to use the term 'Dark Ages' as it is believed that it downplays the significance of the period and the undervalues the achievements f the societies of the time.
People who were foreigners were known as 'Barbarians' to Romans.
Barbarians were thought to be uncivilized because of the different culture they had and customs. For many reasons, Barbarians were still able to defeat the Romans.
Historians have various reasons to the explain the fall of Rome:
The Empire was simply too big to survive
The Roman population was declining
The Roman legions increasingly enlisted 'barbarians', whose loyalty could no longer be taken for granted
The adoption of Christianity as the official religion of the empire blunted their desire to conquer.
Infighting and the civil war weakened the empire.
everyone knows what a castle is if not tough luck
Wow, this is very helpful
3.6: Life on the manor for men, women and kids
The quality of your life depended largely on you position in the feudal system
Regardless of class, women had some rights
Noble girls were married as early as the age of 12 by their family (typical pakistani wedding) and was usually done for political power or wealth
They are expected to produce male heirs.(fun fact: it is actually the guy's sperm that decides the gender of the baby, so this should be
the husband were expected to produce a male heir
1 in 5 women died in childbirth
They could only own land if they were a widow and looked after the household and had command over the servants
Peasant girls had fewer right because they had to work in feilds and got married later on due to then being an importtant source of labour. Also, they did more work than men due ot them doing household chores
They were regarded as a source of labour. They were taught how to work on the farms.
They were regarded as adults ever since they turn 10 and teenagers are usually isolated. They didnt go to school and had few opportunities to mix with people
Their life was hard due to them working a lot. They would: clear fields, harvest, repair buildings, saw and chop timber and pay the tithe to the lord
Most men were uneducated and remained tied to the drudgery of peasant labour.
Some boys managed to get an education in monestaries. This will give them the opportunity to be a parish priest or work in teh manor as a bailiff or steward