The Convention on the Rights of Child (1989) - Coggle Diagram
The Convention on the Rights of Child (1989)
Important Articles and Points of the Instrument necessary to the document
Article 6: Every Child has the right to life, development of chidlren
Article 19: Protecting Children from violence
Article 3: Protecting the best interests of Children
Article 28: Right to Education to all children
Article 2: Protects Children against discrimination
Important Countries that have not ratified and signed it
The Unites States:
Even though this is one of the most widely accepted conventions, As of March 2024, the only country/state that has not ratified this document and legally bound itself to it is the United States, unsurprisingly this is due to the fact that the US sees this as an infringement on their sovereignty and a limit on their power. Although they have signed it themselves, they have not ratified it to the governmental level; very embarrassing.
Countries that HAVE signed AND ratified it:
In regards to countries that HAVE signed it, those are internationally obligated to give reports to independent organizations such as the Committee on the Rights of the Child in order to receive feedback and approval on their processes to enforce the convention.
Countries that HAVE signed it but NOT declared it/ratified it:
Countries tht have not ratified it but have signed it, the only one being the US, are "working towards" achieving this convention and all its articles but are not legally bound to this document. And hence they are not internationally bound to fulfill the expectations set out by these rights.
Key Takeaway from the instrument
Children Should never be subject to discrimination of any kind and that the health of children should be a primary concern
Every child has a right to a GOOD life.
Protecting children from violence; physical and/or psychological
Education to all children ought to be attempted in every country.