Collective Ministerial Responsibility - CMR - Coggle Diagram
Collective Ministerial Responsibility - CMR
CMR relates to the way in which
government ministers should behave and operate as a collective whole
It has three components
Discussions between ministers
(notably in Cabinet)
should remain confidential
Attorney General v Jonathan Cape 1976
- diaries of late Richard Crossman
- Once a
policy line has been reached
all ministers must stick to it and maintain a united front (‘unanimity’)
. If they
do not feel able to, as a matter of conscience, they should resign as a minister.
Examples of politicians doing this include: Robin Cook (over war in Iraq, 2003); Boris Johnson and David Davies (over Theresa May’s “Chequers agreement” in 2018). Michael Heseltine resigned in Thatcher government over the Westland Affair in 1986
purpose of the united front
is so that
Parliament has confidence in the government
. If it
, and Parliament passes a
‘vote of no confidence’
the government should resign
. The last time this happened was 1979 (James Callaghan).
⦁ is the
body of senior ministers
at the heart of the
chaired by the PM
⦁ comprised of
Secretaries of State
heading up a government department
Lord Chancellor, Chief Secretary to the Treasury, Leader of the House of Commons.
⦁ exists as a matter of convention
ultimate decision-making body of government
To relieve the pressure on decision-making,
a number of cabinet committees exist to deal with specific areas of government administration, such as national security
The number, terms of reference
subject matter of these committees is within the Prime Minister's control.
Cabinet committee decisions have the same status as decisions of the full Cabinet.
You may have heard of the '
in the context of
stands for Cabinet Office Briefing Room and it
provides the mechanism for agreeing government response to major emergencies such as a terrorist attack or pandemic.
- Cabinet Office Briefing Room are Cabinet meetings
⦁ Is a
of the government responsible for a particular portfolio of policy areas.
⦁He /she is the
political head of their department
takes direct responsibility for it's operations.
ultimate authority rests with the PM
& Cabinet ministers can be fired and hired on the
PM's authority alone
Cabinet Ministers are also
All government ministers is bound collectively
by the decisions of the Cabinet
Minister of State
- are second ranking ministers and not therefore members of the Cabinet