Women Feed the World: Not Corporations, These aggressive masculine…
Women Feed the World: Not Corporations
Women resisting the corporate control over food systems, creating alternatives to guarantee food security for their communities.
Localization and regionalization instead of globalization
Nonviolence instead of aggressive domination
Equity and reciprocity instead of competition
Respect for the integrity of nature and her species
Understanding humans as part of nature instead of as masters over nature
Protection of biodiversity ni production and consumption
Industrial Agriculture (rooted in patriarchy)
Agriculture has been transformed into a profit driven system commodifying food.
Feeds companies not households...
Links with the scientific revolution that remains blind to Indigenous and Women knowledge which has evolved for thousands of years.
They concentrate power towards a few corporations
Example: Monsanto, Cargill
Disregards Indigenous and women knowledge and their work.
A number of issues associated with the Green-Revolution
Small-scale farmers were disfavoured and unable to compete: Soley large-scale farmers could afford the improved/GMO seeds and synthetic fertilizer; mechanization displaced laborers.
Monsanto seeds, roundup
methane from CAFOS
nitrous oxide from fertilizer
carbon dioxide from multiple spheres including the mechanization of agriculture
Loss of biodiversity
" Green Revolution seeds did not increase food production from the point of nature, women and poor peasants." (Shiva.V p.120)
"..privileges violence, fragmentation, and mechanistic thought."
Women Run Agriculture
Examples given in the text
"Women Feed the World"
women use more plant diversity than agricultural scientists know about
women manage and produce diversity
"The systemic erosion of women's knowledge of agriculture has violated women's positions as experts in agriculture" (Shiva, 115).
"Patriarchal economics has renders women's work as food providers invisible because women provide for households" (Shiva, 116).
Nigerian homes: women plant 18-57 plant species in a single home garden
In sub-Saharan Africa: women cultivate as much as 120 different plants in the spaces left alongside cash crops cultivated by men
"Women are the biodiversity experts of the world" (Shiva. V p.115)
indigenous food systems
the land and the seas fed the indigenous populations
healthy and biodiverse diet
every part of organisms are used when consumed
sustainably produced using ecological principles
limit access to their ancestral food system
racist legislation put in place based on misinformation
concentrates power to a greedy few (mostly men)
people are not in charge of their livelihoods if a small group of people controls their food systems
gourvernance is closly linked to the food system
highly processed foods are brought to indigenous communities
many health risks associated with unhealthy foods are becoming more prevalent in indigenous communities
Some inequalities for women that still remain
division of household chores
parental leave policies
access to education
gender bias in curriculum
The patriarchal economics have rendered women knowledge and work surrounding food production as invisible
Denied their potential as food producers
education and awareness
campaigns promoting equality
gender sensitivity training
financial literacy programs
equal pay laws
Women run agriculture/farms
Educating Women/ Young girls
Empowering Young women
mental health disparities
diverse needs of different groups
resistance to change
legal and policy gaps
lack of enforcement
Related philosophical theories
fathers of modern science
Newronian-Cartesian idea of nature as a fragmented world
theory that rejects the interdependence of natural systems and has subsequently been disproven by new scientific discoveries.
The field of scientific understanding and the mechanical innovations it generates possess the capability to triumph over and subjugate natures course
Bacon uses very gendered language
refering to nature as feminine
refering to the race of heroes and superMEN that he promised to create as masculine
The royal society was inspired by this masculine philosophy
with the goal of "achieving the empire of man over nature"
This mentality was also applied to the subjugation of the indigenous communities of New England
The colonizers believed that the indigenous knowledge of nature was "ridiculous" and completely disregarded the thousands of years of ancestral knowledge and environmental stewardship
they completely dissagreed with the idea of nature as a kind of goddess while also deeming women as inferior creatures of God
These aggressive masculine Baconian ideas are in contrast with feminine knowledge of agriculture
this dichotomy between men as agressive and women as gentle and motherly is a stereotype that seems to be applied to more aspects than just views on nature
whether that is in their job
in their family (good-cop, bad-cop parenting)
mens mental health