SYSTEM THINKING IN ONE HEALTH APPROACH - Coggle Diagram
SYSTEM THINKING IN ONE HEALTH APPROACH
Who has the disease?
People, pigs and other domestic animals
When was the first case?
Where was the first case?
Where has it spread?
(Selangor and Negeri Sembilan), Singapore, Bangladesh, India
What are the implications for ecological health?
Raw or fermented date palm sap that has been contaminated with bat excreta containing Nipah virus
What are the implications for human health?
Mild to severe disease, including swelling of the brain (encephalitis) and potentially death
What are the implications for animal health?
Causes a highly contagious disease in pigs that affects the respiratory and nervous systems. It is known as porcine respiratory and neurologic syndrome
Why did the outbreak occur?
Bats were the original source, having passed the virus to pigs. People who were in contact with infected pigs began getting very sick
Pteropus Fruit Bat Reservoir Hosts
How is the disease transmitted?
Direct contact with infected animals, such as bats or pigs, or their body fluids (such as blood, urine or saliva)
Consuming food products that have been contaminated by body fluids of infected animals (such as palm sap or fruit contaminated by an infected bat)
Close contact with a person infected with NiV or their body fluids (including nasal or respiratory droplets, urine, or blood)
How can it be managed or controlled?
Practice handwashing regularly with soap and water
Avoid contact with sick bats or pigs
Avoid eating or drinking products that could be contaminated by bats, such as raw date palm sap, raw fruit, or fruit that is found on the ground
Avoid contact with the blood or body fluids of any person known to be infected with NiV
Allows us to solve “wicked complex problems” through a simplified process.
Analyze the human, animal and environmental interactions and the different disciplines engaged, and how they work together as a system to solve complex health problems
Covers the policies, processes, practices and people, the roles each play and how they interact to function effectively to solve public health threats