Lexicology, , - Coggle Diagram
Stylistic stratification. Register types
kid, pal, a dime, shit-all, slant-eye
Lit: Slang for "exciting" or "excellent."
Chillin': Slang for "relaxing" or "hanging out."
Bairn: A Scottish dialect word for a child.
Y'all: A contraction of "you all" used to address a group of people.
man, woman, child, friend
walk, eat, sleep, talk
I, you, he, she, it, we, they
Productive and non-productive means of word-formation
yellow, to yellow
Spork: Spoon + Fork
Words like "buzz," "meow," and "moo" imitate the sounds they describe.
"Editor" gave rise to the back-formed word "edit" as a verb.
"Ping-pong" is a reduplicated word for the game.
"Motorcycle" can be split into "motor" and "cycle."
"Goodbye" condenses the phrase "God be with you."
"Television" became "TV."
"Scuba" stands for "Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus."
"Horse" in Old English was "hros," and the plural form was "hras," demonstrating sound interchange.
"Produce" can also be used as both a noun and a verb with stress changes.
Etymology of the English language
75% are borrowed words
25% of native words
Common Germanic words stock
Mother: The word for a female parent in English and other Germanic languages (German: "Mutter," Dutch: "moeder").
Night: The time of darkness between sunset and sunrise (German: "Nacht," Dutch: "nacht").
Winter: The coldest season of the year (German: "Winter," Dutch: "winter").
Common Indo- European word stock
Star: A luminous celestial object, with related words like "tāra" in Sanskrit and "stella" in Latin.
Fire: The hot, glowing matter produced by combustion, with related words like "agni" in Sanskrit and "ignis" in Latin.
Heart: The organ that pumps blood through the body, with related words like "hṛd" in Sanskrit and "cor" in Latin.