Implicit Race Bias: Potential Impact on Learner Outcomes & Strategies…
Implicit Race Bias: Potential Impact on Learner Outcomes & Strategies to Counter
Strategies to Counter Race Bias and Enhance Learner Outcomes
Foster a Holistic Admission Approach in Nursing Education Programs to Increase Diverse Student Acceptance
When evaluating applicants, consider nonacademic criteria such as motivation, leadership, professionalism, teamwork, intercultural sensitivity, and organizational ability. (American Association of Colleges of Nursing, 2021)
Consider ability to overcome difficulties, life experiences, and how an applicant can contribute to the academic institution and the nursing profession.
Establish Social Support Systems for Students & Faculty
Provide emotional & moral support groups led by peer mentors & faculty
Provide students with diverse backgrounds a safe space for open discussions
Access to Role Models & Mentoring Opportunities
Work with school's alumni association with diverse nursing groups to provide role models for students
Use faculty mentors who model a commitment to developing cultural competence
Networking within Peers & Faculty with diverse backgrounds
Provide Academic Support to Assist Students in Adjusting to College Learning Environment
Tutoring, Planned & Regular Review Sessions
Early Curriculum Development of Critical Thinking Skills
Inclusion of Academic Support Groups
Increase Retention and Diversity in Faculty
Understand the Barriers to Recruit, Retain and Promote Diverse Faculty (American Association of Colleges of Nursing, 2021)
Develop Inclusive Learning Programs for Faculty and Health Educators
Receive training and support in learning how to best assess and meet the learning needs of the diverse students in their classrooms
Faculty to learn how to engage and embrace cultural differences (Corsino et a.l, 2021)
Educators must recognize their own tendencies to stereotype student or hold biases, Perform IAT (Implicit Association Test)
Create a safe space and brave space during group discussions. Reinforce each story is valuable (Corsino et al., 2021).
Factors that Contribute to the Development or Reinforcement of the Bias
Lack of Ethnic and Racial Diversity in the Nursing Profession (Billings)
30% of the students in prelicensure registered nursing programs represented racial and ethnic diversity (Bastable, 2023)
17.3% of full-time nursing education faculty originate from minority backgrounds (Billings, 2023)
Lack of Awareness to Unconscious Bias and Conscious Bias
Everyday verbal or nonverbal, intention or non-intentional messages that devalue perspectives, experiences and/or feelings of individuals (Billings,2023)
Academic leadership and faculty's unconscious and conscious biases may undermine efforts to enhance diversity, inclusion, and equity. (Billings, 2023)
Restrict's academic nursing’s ability to attract and retain a more diverse student body and to recruit and promote diverse leaders and staff (Billings, 2023)
Student Admissions Process
Many nursing programs rely on standardized tests and grade point averages (GPAs) as criteria for admission.
Does not consider educational experience of many minority students
Incomplete efforts to strategize for the success of diverse students when seeking admission to nursing school
"Implicit racial bias refers to unconscious attitudes and beliefs towards a person based on their race that are outside of an individual’s awareness." (Joseph et al., 2021)
Potential Negative Effects on Learner Outcomes
Mental Well Being & Reduced Academic Confidence (Joseph et al., 2021)
Feelings of being ostracized amongst peers, perceptions of intellectually inferior
Deterred from Career Development (Joseph et al., 2021)
Students may not pursue or consider specialties due to lack of role mode
Feelings of Isolation
Lack of diverse and inclusive representation
Feeling of Academically Unprepared
Lack of Inclusive academic support groups
"Race: Genetic in origin and includes physical characteristics that are similar among members of the group, such as skin color, blood type, and hair and eye color.” (Bastable, 2023)
Liberty Hilario BSN, RN, CPN
Billings, D. M., & Halstead, J. A. (2023). Teaching in Nursing (7th ed.). Elsevier Health Sciences (US).
to an external site.Links to an external site.
Bastable, S.B. (2023). Nurse as Educator. Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Corsino, L., Railey, K., Brooks, K., Ostrovsky, D., Pinheiro, S. O., McGhan-Johnson, A., & Padilla, B. I. (2021). The Impact of Racial Bias in Patient Care and Medical Education: Let's Focus on the Educator. MedEdPORTAL : the journal of teaching and learning resources, 17, 11183.
Joseph, O. R., Flint, S. W., Raymond-Williams, R., Awadzi, R., & Johnson, J. (2021). Understanding Healthcare Students' Experiences of Racial Bias: A Narrative Review of the Role of Implicit Bias and Potential Interventions in Educational Settings. International journal of environmental research and public health, 18(23), 12771.
American Association of Colleges of Nursing. (2021,February 2). 10 Ways Academic Nursing is Addressing Structural Racism [Video]. YouTube.