FORMATIVE & SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT, Captura de pantalla 2023-10-17…
FORMATIVE & SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT
Its goal is to gather information that helps the teacher guide the improvement of teaching and learning.
This assessment should be designed to provide immediate, explicit feedback.
These are typically low stake assessments or checking for understanding.
Evaluating Formative Assessments
From formative (informal) assessment data, a teacher will make immediate instructional decisions.
For example: after using a formative assessment, a teacher may realize that his/her students did not understand specific content he/she presented in class.
From this data, he/she might provide a re-teaching opportunity for this content or restructure parts of the upcoming unit to include additional review for material students have not mastered.
Evaluating Summative Assessments
Summative assessment data can be used for a variety of purposes.
Data may be used as accountability for the state.
Districts may use summative assessment data to restructure program offerings.
For example: from an English language learner proficiency test, a district may discover they have more students that are at an emerging level in English proficiency.
Therefore, they will adjust funding to offer an additional course of English Language Development, or offer pull-out for English language learners.
Outcomes of summative assessments can be used formatively by a teacher to determine if the strategies implemented to teach course content were effective.
These results might cause a teacher to restructure unit plans and adjust teaching strategies.
Its goal is to measure level of success or proficiency that has been obtained at the end of an instructional unit or defined segment of time.
This is done by comparing it against standards or benchmarks.
These can be used to measure student growth in a specific content area at a point in time; they are typically higher stakes assessments.
Examples of Formative Assessment
Any activity that checks for understanding (i.e. teacher observation, concept maps, etc).
Examples of Summative Assessment
District benchmark assessment/exam.
End of term or semester exam or final exam.
End of unit test, project, or essay.
Various state assessment/tests.
Final student presentation/showcase.
Submitted Project Portfolio.
Production of texts.