History of Education, - Coggle Diagram
History of Education
The American Common School Period (1840-1880)
Kindergarten established for young children.
Provided education for all social classes.
Extra Fact: Land Grant College Act established, which allowed every state to have federal land to put up a college.
More women enrolled in the teacher profession.
The American Education During the 1940s & 1950s
Segregation was in full effect and African American teachers were only aloud to teach at African American schools with little to no pay.
The National Defense Education Act was passed by congress. This helped with provide money for student loans and college scholarships.
The baby boom caused an over flow of students entering schools and they needed more schools and teachers.
The 1920s & The Great Depression (1921-1940)
With federal money school started offering free hot lunches for children.
Teachers got paid very little and were left without jobs.
Many schools shortened the school year or just stopped due to no money.
The American Colonial Period (1600-1776)
Teachers ranked just below religious leaders and were required to go to church.
Colleges and University started forming at this time including Harvard University and William & Mary College.
Education was taught at home by parents.
American Education During the 1970s
Bilingual Education came into effect, schools started combining and taught two languages.
Extra Fact: Equal Opportunity in Education Act was passed, which allowed women and men to have the same opportunities. It opened up sports for women along with job opportunities that were seen as a men's profession.
Unemployment and inflation went up so more people were unwilling to put their money towards schools.
Congress passed the Education for All Handicapped Children Act. This allowed students to not be so segregated in a special education classroom. They got the opportunity to be in the classroom with other students for part of the day.
American Education During the 1980s
Divorce rates where high and children rate was low.
College graduates scored lower compared to years prior.
Education began turning back to the basics and started teaching reading, writing, and math.
The American Early National Period (1776-1840)
Religion played less of a role in the school setting.
Extra Fact: Teachers started teaching skills to help students enter fields such as agriculture, business, and shipping.
Urban locations started getting more populated and children went to school.
Wealthy boys learned greek and latin while girls received extra education.
American Education During the 1960s
School and teachers had more freedom and tried different or creative ways to teach to try to improve education.
Preschool started for preschoolers so they will be better off in Kindergarten.
Civil Rights Movement was in full effect.
American Education During the 1990s & Beyond
Career clusters started taking place, this allowed students to take classes that would prepare them for their future.
No Child Left Behind Act was passed in 2001. This was a law that would require all students to meet state standards in the basic subjects.
In 2015 Every Student Succeeds Act was put into place. This allowed states to have more flexibility with the No Child Left Behind Act.
The American Progressive Period (1880-1921)
All states required all children to attend elementary school.
African American teachers received less pay.
Education was very segregated.
Extra Fact: Physical education including organized athletics.