ROYAL JELLY - Coggle Diagram
Royal jelly is one of the basic honeybee products. Its consistency is reminiscent of homogeneous creamy to gelatin pap of white colour, but it can also have a touch of yellow or ochre.
Its taste is sour to bitter-sour and has typical phenolic aroma. It is a source of proteins, vitamins, minerals, fats, nucleotides, sugars, and other components necessary for the life of honeybees.
The balanced composition of royal jelly has evolved over 100 or 120 million years (i.e., since the documented occurrence of honeybees on our planet).
Origin of royal jelly
Royal jelly is secreted by bees from their pharyngeal glands.
Only so-called house bees, which are six to fourteen days old, can produce royal jelly.
he basis for secretion of royal jelly is bee pollen. Pollen grains in the stomach of the house bee crack and from their content the bee then obtains important components for the formation of royal jelly.
Bees need enough pollen, not only to produce royal jelly, but also as nutrition for the entire colony.
Composition of royal jelly
Royal jelly is one of the most mysterious natural products and its composition is not yet entirely enlightened. It contains a large number of components that create a nutritious mixture with unique properties
Royal jelly usually contains about 60% to 70% water, 12% to 15% protein, 10% to 16% sugar, 3% to 6% fat and 2% to 3% vitamins, salts and amino acids. The composition and ratio will vary depending on the source of royal jelly and the conditions and climate where the bees live.
Royal jelly is a nutritious food. The nutritional ingredients in royal jelly are very diverse, including: water, carbohydrates, protein, fat, vitamin B and trace minerals.
B vitamins contained in royal jelly include: Thiamine (B1), Riboflavin (B2), Niacin (B3), Folic acid (B9), Inositol (B8), Biotin (B7), Pantothenic acid (B5) , Pyridoxine (B6).
Beneficial effects of royal jelly
Restore damaged tissues (after chemotherapy and radiotherapy)
Anti-cancer and hematopoietic effects, increases hemoglobin
Antibacterial and antiviral activity
Inhibits the growth of yeast, including Candida
Supports wound healing and skin recovery