INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS - Coggle Diagram
1: RAMSAR CONVENTION on Wetlands of International Importance
It was a FRAMEWORK Convention
Governments are given mechanisms to adapt
It is a kind of bottom up approach.
(a) Wise use of wetlands
Wetland should be used sustainably used.
Also resources should not be over exploited
(b) Conservation and Management of Shared water of transboundary wetlands
It tells that even though if one country is not declared as Ramsar Site, but the government has to protect the site due to transboundary water
Example: Sundarban - India and Bangladesh
Earlier India was not considered it as Ramsar site but Bangladesh was
Example: Pangong Lake - India and China
It was declared as Ramsar site by China, so India has to protect the site.
(c) Declaration of Ramsar Sites
Based on 9 Criteria. Any one of the criteria need to be satisfied
Why declaring as Ramsar Site?
If particular area is declared as Ramsar Site, then there will be strict protection by the Governments.
Why Kerala Not going for more Ramsar sites?
It will Restrict the exploitation of resources
Some sites may be already protected by the government
Government may not have full idea about the guidelines.
Montreaux Record (MR)
A Register of Wetland sides:
A Wetland were changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference
Ramsar Advisory Mission
Expert body to evaluate the threat
Recovery of threatened wetlands to normal stage
Example: CHILIKA LAKE
Recovered back because of Ramsar Advisory Mission
Example: LOKTA LAKE Known for Phumdi (Floating Islands)
What was the Problem?
-The problem of Dams (in the reservoirs) causes siltation
-Keibul Lamjao National Park_Sangai Deer is threatened
2nd February 1971 During a conference held in Ramsar city of Iran
Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
Convention of Migratory Species of Animals