Spanish Civil War Long-term Causes - Coggle Diagram
Spanish Civil War Long-term Causes
Spain lost many of its overseas territories after a defeat by the USA in 1898.
Catalonia and the Basque regions want more autonomy and independence.
Spain was an agricultural economy and the agricultural labour was their main source of employment
This labour was inefficient and seasonal, so the rural workers had to migrate for work and the majority lived in poverty
Spain needed economic modernization. The environment in the industrialized areas caused growth of trade unionism
A group called the Grandees owned estates in the south and centre of Spain, and they also took over most of the political system.
The "Africanistas" who were experienced soldier had strong nationalistic ideas.
Liberalism and dissatisfaction with the military's strong presence was popular among the common citizen.
The Church which is influential in rural areas was conservative and supported the aristocracy.
Many in the government were conservatives and those in the upper class were often officers in the military.
Partido Socialista Obrero Espanol (PSOE) - Spanish Socialist Party
Moderate Socialist under Indalecio Preieto
Radical socialist under Largo Caballero
Extreme Anarchist Faction - Federacion Anarquista Ibercia (Militant Anarchists - FAI)
Popular in the country side
Elections were often rigged and Spain didn't have mass democratic political parties
The army was known for great brutality, it was expensive, and was paid for through heavy taxation
Brutal state-oppressions was performed in Catalonia and Basque regions.
An anarchist group called the Federación Anarquista Ibérica carried out assassinations and bombings. They wouldn't engage in any democratic process and wanted revolution