Tropical Rainforest - Coggle Diagram
Dominated by evergreen broadleaf trees
Location: Latitudes 10° north and south
Rain falls adding up to an annual total (50 to 80 inches).
Regular rains, combined with an average warm temperature of 77 degrees F
Tropical forests are the most productive biomes, absorbing more carbon per unit than other forests or grasslands.
Tropical rain forest is the most species-rich biome as well as the oldest
Dense canopies of vegetation
Giant trees that grow to heights of about 250 ft or more
Prevents much of the sunlight from reaching the ground.
Thick, woody vines
Trees are designed to adapt to dealing with humidity and drying off quickly
long-stemmed, woody vine that climbs trees and other vertical supports to reach direct sunlight.
Vines, younger trees/smaller trees, ferns, and palms
Many plants from this level are used as houseplants.
Due to the low sunlight and rainfall these plants receive, they adapt well to home enviorments
only receives about 5-10% of sunlight
Major Adaptations in the Understory layer of the Rainfores
Helps increase photosynthetic efficiency
Drip tips & leave size
signals pathways for growth and development and in plant defense.
Bottom layer or floor of the rainforest
covered with wet leaves and leaf litter
In damp, warm circumstances like a compost pile, this material decomposes quickly, returning nutrients to the soil.
Bacteria and other microbes thrive in the hot, wet air and dead plant material.
Tallest of all the trees stick out of the canopy
Trees reach heights over 196 ft
Thin waxy leaves due to having the most exposure
In southeast Asia, it is known as Java cotton, Java kapok, silk-cotton, or samauma.
Wind-adapted seed dissemination systems that aid in seed dispersal