-Detroit was the 4th largest city in the USA during its peak as a car producing city, with Ford and General Motors operating there.
-With globalisation, car production moved to Japan where costs were cheaper.
-As a result, the spiral of decline set in and in 2013, the city was declared bankrupt.
-In 2017, Detroit was still losing 0.5% of its population each year.
-In March 2015, the youth unemployment rate in many European countries stood at more than 20%.
-Some people blame this on globalisation and the movement of manufacturing jobs abroad.
-The Euro Crisis and economic austerity after the 2008 global financial crisis probably played a role too though.
-Leicester is a city in the East Midlands that was once home to a large textile industry.
-Following the global shift, the 1970s saw the spiral of decline happen in the town.
-At the peak, over 30,000 people worked in Leicester’s textiles mills. But eventually, most of these factories moved abroad, including Marks & Spencer's mill.