Age of Exploration Key Terms - Coggle Diagram
Age of Exploration Key Terms
Prince Henry the Navigator
Henry funded and planned expeditions to satisfy his curiosity, expand the territory and wealth of Portugal, and to spread Christianity.
Vasco da Gama
Vasco da Gama was best known for being the first to sail from Europe to India by rounding Africa's Cape of Good Hope.
In 1488, Bartolomeu Dias sailed around the southern tip of Africa (the Cape of Good Hope). His voyage showed that the Atlantic and Indian Oceans flowed into each other.
Treaty of Tordesillas
The 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas neatly divided the "New World" into land, resources, and people claimed by Spain and Portugal.
Francisco Pizarro was an explorer, soldier and conquistador best known for conquering the Incas and executing their leader, Atahuapla. He was born around 1474 in Trujillo, Spain.
Explorer Christopher Columbus (1451–1506) is known for his 1492 'discovery' of the New World of the Americas on board his ship Santa Maria.
The Age of Exploration (also called the Age of Discovery) began in the 1400s and continued through the 1600s.
In the early 1400s, Zheng He led the largest ships in the world on seven voyages of exploration to the lands around the Indian Ocean, demonstrating Chinese excellence at shipbuilding and navigation.
Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés (c. 1485-1547) is best known for conquering the Aztecs and claiming Mexico on behalf of Spain.
conquistador, (Spanish: “conqueror”) plural conquistadores or conquistadors, any of the leaders in the Spanish conquest of America, especially of Mexico and Peru, in the 16th century.
The "middle passage," which brought the slaves from West Africa to the West Indies, might take three weeks. Unfavorable weather conditions could make the trip much longer
In 1492, Columbus brought the Eastern and Western Hemispheres back together. The resulting swap of Old and New World germs, animals, plants, peoples, and cultures has been called the “Columbian Exchange.”
The triangular trade refers to a model for economic exchange among three markets. Historically, the triangular trade among Europe, West Africa and the New World ran on the backs of millions of enslaved people. Image source.
Atlantic Slave Trade
The reason for this maritime movement was to obtain labour as the indigenous population of the New World had declined rapidly because of its lack of immunity against imported pathogens.
Capitalism is often thought of as an economic system in which private actors own and control property in accord with their interests, and demand and supply freely set prices in markets in a way that can serve the best interests of society.
favorable balance of trade
A favorable balance of trade exists when the value of the exports is greater than the value of the imports.
The term mestizo means mixed in Spanish, and is generally used throughout Latin America to describe people of mixed ancestry with a white European and an indigenous background.
What Is Mercantilism?
Mercantilism was based on the idea that a nation's wealth and power were best served by increasing exports and reducing imports.
Joint-stock companies first emerged in Europe during the medieval period and became more common during the sixteenth century and the first wave of European exploration and colonialism.