Totalitarianism - Adolf Hitler - Coggle Diagram
Totalitarianism - Adolf Hitler
Setting of goals for the state
Hitler gained support because of his proposals, when he arrived to the power, he established goals like territory expansion and the “depuration” of the German population to glorify the nation.
Glorification of the aims of the state
The Nazi ideology promoted that people consider Hitler as a hero that could make Germany a prosperous nation, because of this the aims of the state were glorified as the only methods to reach prosperity
Justification of government actions
Hitler commanded the Nazis to justify the antisemitic actions by teaching them that the Jews had betrayed Germany and were the ones guilty of the outcome of the Great War and the economic crisis caused by the depression
Communication & propaganda
Propaganda was one of the main aspects by which the Nazi ideology got to the people, through poster and the radio. Actually, Joseph Gobbels, the ministry of propaganda for the Nazi regime, would be the one setting the main principles for this area.
Advancemenets in military
The Nazi regime was productive in the making of new technology during war. Scientists created some weapons as the first deployed jet fighter, rocket fighter, ballistic missile, cruise missile, as well as the first assault rifle. However, they didn't got first to a weapon as powerful as the American's atomic bomb.
State Control of Society
In the young people, religion would almost stop to be taught. They would keep pressure on certain religious groups (as seen with the Jews) and would send to concentration camps to religious groups that protested against them.
Nazis worked first upon economy recovery. They would first ban trade unions and freeze workers wage rates. Then, establishing the policy of incresing state investment which led to a higher demand of goods and expanding income. They controled the economy as at the end everything involved the government or was an input to the state
Nazis aimed to indoctrinate young people to not ask questions and follow Nazi ideology. They would focus on subjects like sports, history and racial sciences while reduce time on the rest of subjects
Nazis pictured workers as socio-economic machines, not individuals; their freedom or rights didn't existed and just served the state. Forced labor would also occur in concentration camps.
Local officials opened “chambers of horrors” or “exhibitions of shame.” with the purpose of mocking modern art. They would destroy some confiscated works of art and sold many of the most valuable to prepare for war.
Hitler unified people in his speeches, constantly talking as "we" and "our goal". Making people relate to each other with the same feelings, then strengthening that emotion to unify people as one, Germany.
Hitler created a symbol for his leadership, then specific formalities and behaviors. The symbol of Hitler's government was radial and easily identifiable.
Popular Support Encouragement
Hitler did many speeches in which he motivated people towards his ideals. He implemented many persuasive techniques and a charming charismatic form. Becoming the symbol of a perfect leader.
Dictatorship & One-Party Rule
Hitler demonstrated absolute authority by establishing a principle he called "Führerprinzip" or leader principle, which demanded absolute obedience of all subordinates
Domination of Government
Besides banning and getting rid of other political parties, Hitler would establish a government structure constructed as a pyramid, where he was at the apexpower
Methods of Enforcement
The country passed a detective police force known as ¨Kriminalpolizei¨. However in the rise of the Nazi regime the police force ended up radicalizing. Therefore, they used cold blooded methods to recognize and arrest political opponents and citizens who were against the policies of the regime.
Indoctrination got specifically to the young ones, as the party tried to communicate and represent youth as for being "dynamic, resilient, forward-looking, and hopeful". Racial ideas (anti-semitism mainly) was taught and spread to everyone throughout Germany.
Censorship efforts of the Nazi party involved the control of all forms of mass communication: Newspaper, literature, radio, music, and films. They would also produce their own literature solely devoted to furthering Nazi ideas and myths.
Persecution started as Nazis wanted to ‘improve’ the genetic make-up of the population, so they persecuted physically and mentally disabled people, homosexuals, freemasons, jews, jehovah’s witnesses and political opponents
State Control of Individuals
The Nazis made all the people that had relation whith the government to promise loyality to Hitler. The Waffen SS used as their main slogan "My honor is my loyalty". This same idea was transmited to the citizens that had to be completely loyal to the Nazi Party.
Denying Basic Liberties
The Nazi party denied the citizens from the freedom of association by controlling the date, motif and way in which people could reunite to celebrate, interfering in the limits between the public and private life.
Expecting personal sacrifies for the state
The Nazi party expected that the German citizens sacrificed their liberty and works to serve to the nation mostly during the Second World War where all citizens were expected to leave behind their lives and even donate some of their possessions to help the war campaign because they had to be loyal and full committed with the Nazis ideology.