consolidation of communism - Coggle Diagram
consolidation of communism
establishment of one party control
Bolsheviks claimed they were acting in the interests of the proletariat
They encouraged people to think that the october revolution was a popular rising
Lenin was convinced that he needed to repress counter revolutionary elements
removal of constituent assembly
Lenin permitted elections for the constituent assembly to go forward in November 1917, where the bolsheviks only got 24% of the vote.
The constituent assembly was forcibly closed by lenin. When there were civilian demonstrations against this, they were shot at.
The decree on press stopped the ability for other parties to have their own newspapers
The bourgeoisie lost their ability to vote in 1918
All other political parties were banned in 1921
ending of involvement in WW1
Germany had russian territory, and so trotsky did not want to initiate peace with harsh terms for russia
Lenin was less concerned as he believed that the revolution would engulf germany, and that the russian army could not stop the germans
Trotsky dragged negotiations out, hoping that there would be a revolution in germany, which angered the german negotiations
The treaty of brest-litovsk was signed in march 1918. There were harsh terms, including Russia losing 2 million square kilometres of land
This established that socialism at home would take priority over the international spread of communism.
consolidation of one-party state
Red guards demobilised and replaced by the red army
Trotsky placed as head of the army
Church and state separated, removing the church's judicial powers and its right to own property.
Industry was nationalised and land ownership was abolished.
The first soviet constitution for the “russian soviet federal socialist republic” was established in july 1918. This stated that supreme power lay with the all russian congress of soviets.