Stardock City Research Investigation: An Analysis of Singapore, Commerical…
Stardock City Research Investigation: An Analysis of Singapore
Home to more than 170 international shipping groups
The Strait of Malacca—runs between Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore
Main transit route supplying vital commodities to fuel the fast-growing economies of Asia and beyond. Of the 87 million barrels of oil produced per day in 2011, approximately 15.2 million passed through the Strait of Malacca
Changi Airport is one of the busiest airports in the world serving as a major nodal point for the air travel in the Asian-Pacific region.
Marina Bay Sands is an iconic integrated resort that serves as a hub for entertainment, shopping and dining in Singapore. This attracts both locals and tourists.
Tanjong Pagar Terminal is located in the heart of Singapore’s central business district and is a major nodal point for container shipping and logistics
Raffles place is a financial district that is home to numerous banks, financial institutions and multiple corporations making it a nodal point in for business and commerce in Singapore
Singapore has 2 commercial port terminal operators. The ports are named the PSA Corporation Limited and Jurong Port.
Both of these ports can accommodate both vessel types. The Port of Singapore provides services and facilities for ships to dock, load and unload goods. It has always been a key contributor to Singapore’s economy and growth
Natural & Monetary Resources
Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids.
Coal. Reserves, production, prices, employment and productivity, distribution, stocks, imports and exports
Although growing, Singapore’s GDP relies greatly on global demand. Similarly, its high interdependence on outside economies and industries leaves it susceptible to a decrease in growth when demand for products and services reduces.
Considering Singapore's small size and highly packed area, it is greatly dependent on imports of essential items such as food. According to CNBC, Singapore imports nearly 90% of its food from over 170 different countries. However, they have launched an initiative called the “30 by 30”. They aim to produce 30% of all their nutritional needs by 2030.
Network of more than 27 free trade agreements (FTAs)
The trade regime is open and competitive, and no tariffs are imposed on imports.
The law treats foreign and domestic businesses equally, and nearly all sectors of the economy are open to 100 percent foreign ownership.
The financial sector is highly competitive and resilient.
Wet & Dry Points
The Singapore coastline surrounds the nation. It is an island, which is why the borders can be considered wet points. Furthermore, the nation experiences high levels of rainfall during the months of November, December, January.
Singapore’s National Water Agency provides the diagram on the left to illustrate the drainage system implemented within the country. There are three primary components to the drainage system: sources, pathways, and receptors.
There are five primary residential areas within Singapore. This includes West, North, East, Northeast, and Central Singapore.
North-Eastern Singapore is a developing region in which forward strides are being taken to improve the ecological sustainability and transportational connection of the land.
North Singapore is also in a transitional stage, wherein a multitude of programs are underway to facilitate family life and infrastructure
Eastern Singapore is dominated by seafront housing and convenient residential areas, entailing low-rise condos and landed homes
Western Singapore is a densely populated area; home to over “one million residents” (“Singapore Residential District Guide”). The medical and educational infrastructure is in the process of being expanded and improved
Central Singapore is a metropolitan hub, i.e. the heart of the city. Key characteristics include the proliferation of the retail industry, manufacturing industry, and entertainment industry within the land area.
The main island is predominantly 50 metres above sea level.
The Panjang and Mandai hills are examples of higher elevations on the island, the highest of which is Timah Hill at 162 metres above sea level.
Singapore has 2 commercial port terminal operators. The ports are named the PSA Corporation Limited and Jurong Port. Both of these ports can accommodate both vessel types.
The Port of Singapore provides services and facilities for ships to dock, load and unload goods. It has always been a key contributor to Singapore’s economy and growth
Singapore has human resources, a highly educated and skilled workforce. It has a well-developed education system that also produced a large pool of skilled workers.
Since Singapore is a small nation, it has limited natural resources but has made efforts to harness its resources efficiently.
Water is obtained from Local catchment, Imported Water, high-grade reclaimed water known as NEWater and Desalinated Water.
Despite its small size, Singapore has a diverse range of subsoil conditions, including marine clay, silty clay, peaty clay, peat, silt, sand, and weathered or fresh rock types like sandstone, granite, and norite.
Singapore is a city with an area of only 728.6 Km2
When considering the infrastructure and green spaces, this leaves little space for agriculture forcing an insanely large amount of imports for basic commodities such as food.
The SAF has three services: the Singapore Army (45,000 troops), the Republic of Singapore Air Force (8,000 troops, RSAF), and the Republic of Singapore Navy (7,000 troops, RSN).
The highest point of Singapore is Bukit Timah Hill, which has a height of 165 m above sea level and is made up of igneous rock and granite.
Most of Singapore is no more than 15 metres above sea level. There are a total of 11 hills in Singapore
There are a number of rivers in Singapore that are interesting to explore. The primary river in Singapore is the Singapore River, which runs parallel to Alexandra Road and empties into the Marina Reservoir.
Sustainability & The Design of The City
Tidal energy turbines are a sustainable source of energy economically, environmentally, and socially. They reduce dependence on non-renewable and polluting energy sources, provide a reliable and cost-effective source of energy that reduces the carbon footprint of the island. This will be pivotal in the long-run against climate change since tidal turbines do not produce any greenhouse gas emissions. These turbines also tend to be quite predictable and consistent, meaning that they can provide a stable and reliable source of energy lowering costs for consumers and businesses.
According to The Medium, the provision of bike lanes and bus lanes can encourage the use of public transport and electric cycles that will be situated throughout residential neighbourhoods. Singapore is a city which is also an island, the ministry of transport of the island city specified it’s lack of bike infrastructure. Even though there is a lack of bike lanes, the city is still by far one of the most environmentally friendly and sustainable places. Furthermore, through a deeply interconnected public transportation system we aim to reduce the amount of vehicles on the road, thus, reducing the carbon emissions and air pollution while also creating more open space through lesser traffic congestion. With neighbourhoods following a linear layout, individuals can walk or cycle to nearby locations, both of which are healthier and safer options that improve the happiness index and morale of our citizens.
The provision of narrow roads for low-density areas can also contribute to environmental sustainability by reducing the amount of land used for roads and allowing for more green spaces. The availability of green spaces can improve the quality of life for residents and contribute to the reduction of carbon emissions.
Moreover, the provision of free ferry rides for industrial workers can contribute to economic sustainability by reducing transportation costs for workers, improving their access to work, and increasing their productivity. This can lead to economic growth and contribute to the development of the local economy. Countries like Singapore also provide workers with many additional benefits and people are more inclined to work due to the high quality of life (Y-Axis Overseas Careers).
Allowing industrial workers access to free ferry rides reduces transportation costs for workers, creating a fair system morally. This also opens up their access to work and increases their productivity which ultimately leads to economic growth since the development of infrastructure will expand at a faster rate.
While we are aware that there is limited access to private transportation within residential areas, we care deeply about social sustainability. A common concern is the response time from hospitals in the case of an emergency. To counteract this problem, we strategically situated hospitals close to residential areas. Moreover, we have separate ambulance and SOS lanes that improve emergency response times potentially making a difference between life or death.
Additionally, the private transport that is available will be a mix of electric vehicles and normal vehicles. The use of electric vehicles promotes sustainable development due to the long term benefits and the efficiency of these vehicles. Having normal vehicles also prevents the restriction of freedom for the citizens of the city. However, as the city developed the infrastructure on EVs will continue to develop and be worked on. According to McKenzie, EV infrastructure is already being worked on in cities like Singapore with many developments to be made towards the second half of 2023. Things such as chargers and stations will be taken into effect as sustainability is further emphasised which is a similar principle of Stardock. Furthermore, due to the expensive nature of electric vehicles, Stardock also promotes the use of biofuel. Biofuel is a replacement for regular fossil fuels such as petroleum, diesel etc. According to the EPA, Biofuel not only presents several environmental benefits but also promotes economic sustainability due to the renewable and more abundant resources required to make biofuel in comparison to fossil fuels.
Contemporary architectural designs are used to embrace the modern lifestyle to push sustainability as the future of our society. The exterior walls are all white in colour to help reflect sunlight and reduce heat absorption, thereby reducing the additional cooling costs of the building. To further help with this the buildings will be oriented away from direct sunlight resulting in lower energy consumption and costs for cooling.
The government will consist of the regular municipalities and will be divided into the standard administrative sectors consisting of the Engineering, Town Planning, Social welfare, Public Health and the Account sections. We believe that this format promotes a well functioning society
When looking at the government within Singapore as a city, it follows a completely different system due to the fact that Singapore also classifies as a country, the government consists of several different levels. However, recent studies by the "The Smart City Journal" showcase Singapore as one of the best governments