THE TO INTINITIVE - Coggle Diagram
Adjectives with to-infinitives
Due, eager, keen, likely
ready, willing, unwilling
Unfortunately, I was unable to work for over a week.
I'm really tired. I'm ready to go to bed.
Sometimes the to-infinitive gives a reason for the adjective:
We were happy to come to the end of our journey.
John was surprised to see me.
We often use it + be followed by an adjective to give opinions:
Clever , difficult, easy, foolish
hard, kind, nice, possible wrong
It's easy to play the piano, but it's very difficult to play well.
He spoke so quickly that it was impossible to understand him.
We use the preposition for to show who these adjectives refer to:
It is easy for you to criticise other people.
Nouns with to-infinitives
We use the to-infinitive as a postmodifier (see noun phrases) after abstract nouns like:
Ability, attempt, chance, desire, need
wish, opportunity, refusal, failure
They gave him an opportunity to escape.
He was annoyed by her refusal to answer.
We use infinitive after nouns and pronouns
Somewhere, anything, something
Take something to drink on a bus
She is too young to stay so late
After- be first/second
E was the first to arrive
We often use the to-infinitive as a postmodifier after indefinite pronouns:
When I am travelling I always take something to read.
I was all alone. I had no one to talk to.
Infinive of Purpose
to express purpose
He bought some flowers to give to his wife.
He locked the door to keep everyone out.
We can also express purpose with in order to and in order not to
They spoke quietly in order not to wake the children.
We started our journey early in order to avoid the traffic.
so as to and so as not to:
They spoke quietly so as not to wake the children.
We started our journey early so as to avoid the traffic.
We use the to-infinitive after certain verbs (verbs followed by to-infinitive), particularly verbs of thinking and feeling:
They choose to be in 2 groups to do this task
We would like to have some ice cream from your cafe
We plan to decorate our home with christmas lights
I forget to recharge my phone
We hape to have money from goverment
She intended to do her best
I want to learn Chinese language perfectly
Remember to turn the light off
I like to eat apples and bananas
i prefer to stay at home
verbs of saying:
We agreed to meet at the cinema
Promise to call me every day
Some verbs are followed by a direct object and then the to-infinitive:
He encouraged to his friends to vote for him
Remind me to give Julia a call