Lymphatic/ immune system Emmalise Fischer P.1 - Coggle Diagram
Lymphatic/ immune system Emmalise Fischer P.1
Major functions of the Lymphatic & Immune systems
Lymphatic system is a part of the immune system. It protects body from illness, maintains body fluid levels and moves cellular waste.
Location of Lymphatic organs and their functions
red bone marrow releases undifferentiated lymphocyte pressures into circulation, starting in fetal development. Half of them go to the thymus and are specialized into T cells.
Purpose and examples of First, Second and Third line of defense
Mechanical barriers (Skin and mucus)
Chemical barriers, natural killer cells, inflammation, phagocytosis, and fever
cellular immune response, Humeral immune response
Innate(natural) immune defenses and Adaptive(acquired) immune defenses
Adaptive: Response by the body against specific pathogens. Third line of defense against pathogens. Includes cellular immune response and humeral immune response
Innate (natural killer cells): small group of lymphocytes, other than T cells and B cells.
Humoral response and cellular response
Humoral responses are made by antibody molecules and secreted by plasma cells.
Cellular responses: A signal in cellular response that changes external environment
Antigens and antibodies
Can be any large molecules that trigger an immune response and before birth the body makes an inventory of self antigens
Artificial vs. Naturally acquired immunity
Naturally acquired immunity is from exposure to disease and the build of antibodies from it. Artificially acquired immunity is gained from vaccines
Passive vs. Active immunity
Active immunity: obtained through antigen exposure; an immune response occurs in the person in memory cells; long lasting
Passive Immunity: obtained by receiving antibodies through no contact; no memory B cells produced; short term immunity.
Cells involved in the immune system and their functions
Disorders associated with the Immune system
Chicken Pox: Highly contagious disease; itchy, blister like caused by varicella-zoster virus. Treated with cooling gel/ lotion.
Toxoplasmosis: Infection from undercooked mea. Causes muscles to ache and inflammation in the lungs. Treated with pyrimethamine
Rubella: Contagious; appears as rash. Can be passed to pregnant women and causes rash, fever and sore throat
Meningitis: Inflammation and swelling of productive membranes; infection in the fluid around the brain and spinal cord
Missiles: viral respiratory illness caused by non vaccination and lack of vitamin A. Results in runny nose, high fever and seizures
Haemophilus infection: infection in blood stream caused by influenza. Results in fever/chills, pain, and nausea
Pinworm infection: Itching in anal/ vaginal areas caused by a pin worm
Small pox: fever disease caused by virus with back pain and illness caused by variola virus
Malaria: Sometimes fatal diseases caused by mosquito. Flu like symptoms.
Disease that effects lungs; deathly without treatment caused by germs that spread from person to person in air.
Disabling and life threatening disease causes weak immune system, sore throat, and nausea
Hand, foot and mouth disease: Common children disease with rash on mouth; hands and feet. Spread by contact with saliva
Hepatits B: Liver infection that spreads through blood stream. Causes yellow eyes, abdominal pain and dark urine
Cholera: Diarrheal illness caused by intestine infection. People at risk include Type O blood, none existent stomach acid and consumption of raw fish
Whooping cough: Common cold like illness that can last for weeks caused by lack of immunization