Cold War and Norman Revision - Coggle Diagram
Cold War and Norman Revision
1941 - Grand Alliance
- USA, GB AND USSR.
1943 - Tehran Alliance
- USSR would fight Japan once Germany was defeated
Feb 1945 - Yalta Conference
Germany would be crushed and demilitarised and pay reparations of $20 billion. Divided into four different zones
July 1945 - Potsdam Conference
- Truman upset Stalin with the atomic bomb.
Truman Doctrine = USSR felt threatened
this represented communist parties all across Europe and rejected the Marshall Plan. It ensured loyalty of Eastern Europe goverments control
Comecon created - 1949
- satellite states ordered to reject the Marshall Plan and the aim of this was that it would encourage economic development in Europe
The cominform was created in 1947
Anglo Saxons - shires = an earldom was divided into shires. Hundreds = 100 hides of land and were divided into tithings. Tithings = 10 households and (10th of a hundred). Hides = an area of land covering 120 acres
- was at the top and were expected to lead armies, make laws and be religious.
- the earls ruled Kent, Wessex, East Anglia, Mercia and Northumbria. They had to collect taxes, defend their earldoms and oversee the military power over thegns
- they were nobles, but less powerful than earls. They were primarily warriors and did duties
- sometimes called freeman and owned a small area of farmland and all male ceorls had to serve in the army if needed.
- had to work on lands for their lords for up to 3 days a week and did the jobs that are requested
- around 10% of the population were not free and had no land
The Anglo Saxon Church - was independently minded from Roma and focussed on Celtic Saints.
- Wessex was the richest earldom
- the Godwins were the lords to many hundreds of thegns = more powerful than the King
- the Godwins had convinced Edward to appoint many bishops who favoured them
- the lands they held were very important
- the Godwins had made political marriages
1055 Tostig was the Earl of Northumbria
1057 Gyrth and Leofwine were made earls of East Anglia and The South West Midlands