Lecture notes on Artificial Selection and agriculture. - Coggle Diagram
Lecture notes on Artificial Selection and agriculture.
Teacher said Cats are 2 generations away from losing their domestic genetic marker
Genetic markers (DNA markers) are identifiable DNA sequences found at specific locations of the genome and transmitted from one generation to the next by the law of inheritance.
grey wolf is the common ancestor of all dogs
we have bred the irish wolfhound... bigger than wolves. We have also bred the miniature chiuaua
Breeds of apples all descend from the wild apple which is only as big as cherry.
The Scoville scale is a measurement of the pungency of chili peppers
Check out the Carolina reaper
Traditional breeding means controlling what cows /dogs/ goats / chickens' mate. Or what flowers get pollinated with which flowers.
Genetically Modified Organisms
Common use vs. Scientific use of GMO
Organic means carbon based
Successful GM = does everything we want it to do and does not do anything we don't want it to do.
Company: Monstanto, is a genetic modificaiton company
A Plant was genetically modified to produce natural pesticides so farmer did not have to spray for pesticides.. good idea except what ended up happening is the plant ended up expressing a gene that produced pesticide and herbicide chemicals. This became an ecological problem because plant reproduction is not as easily restricted. The Pollon was then spread outside the field to neighboring fields.
The Monsanto Company was an American agrochemical and agricultural biotechnology corporation founded in 1901 and headquartered in Creve Coeur, Missouri
Golden rice is an example of a successful GMO. it feeds people, it does not harm the local ecology.
agricultural genetic ethics
Look up phage
Future applications of Gene therapy for chemotherapy
prenatal health screening.
What is the state/ government doing to counteract the challenges our farms and ecosystem are facing.
There are lot of grants and opportunities if you will turn your land into a conservation or farming