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Chapter 3 & 4
Creating lesson stages
Students’ interest is aroused so that they become engaged
Tteacher first needs to get the students’ attention.
We will be able to give the students some idea of what they will be doing next, and create enthusiasm for it so that they come to their next lesson with a positive attitude.
Describing learning and teaching
Children and Language
children are able to learn languages with incredible ease. They are also able to forget a language just as easily.
Acquisition and learning
when students experience language in an atmosphere free from anxiety, they will acquire it just as children do and, more importantly, when they want to say something, they will be able to draw on the language they need from the acquired language
Language that has been learned is not available for use in the same way, because the learner has to think much more consciously about what he wants to say.
Different times, different methods
It was suggested that we should structure our curriculum around chunks of language
Where teachers do little talking and the onus is put on the students
Community Language Learning
Where bilingual teachers help students to translate what they want to say from their first language into the language they are learning
The Grammar-translation method
Introduced the idea of presenting students with short grammar rules and word lists, can learn a lot about a foreign language by comparing parts of it with parts of our own mother tongue.
Method originated in army education in the 1940s. Used in teaching foreign languages. It is based on the behavioral theory, which postulates that certain traits of living beings, and in this case humans, could be trained through a reinforcement system.
Presentation, Practice and Production
Teacher presents the context and situation for the language, and both explains and demonstrates the meaning and form of the new language.
Communicative Language Teaching (CLT)
It is an approach in language teaching in which interaction is given maximum importance as a means and as a final objective in learning a language.
Task-Based Learning (TBL)
Is a natural extension of communicative language teaching. In TBL, the emphasis is on the task rather than the language.
Yeny Paola Correa Castro. Microteaching I