Early Thinkers - Coggle Diagram
Herbert Spencer (1820-1903)
Hoped to understand society better, not just improve it.
He wanted to explain how the evolution of species to societies change over time.
He started the saying "survival of the fittest" argument, implying that it is normal for some people to be rich and others poor.
Emile Durkheim (1858-1917)
First sociology professor in France
He studied the behavior and implied that behavior needs to be understood with a larger social context
He was also interested in studying the consequences of work in modern societies
Harriet Martineau (1802-1876)
Wrote the first book on sociological methods
Emphasized the impact that economy, law, trade, health, and population could have on social problems
Jane Addams (1860-1935)
Confounded the Hull House
Worked to establish a juvenile court system and a woman's trade union
Emphasized how group identifications can influence an individual's place in society
Believed that society is divided between two classes that clashed un pursuit of their own interests
Auguste Comte (1798-1857)
Coined the term sociology
W.E.B DuBois (1868-1963)
Helped found the National Association of the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
Charles Horton Cooley (1864-1929)
Used the sociological perspective to study face-to-face groups such as families, gangs, and friendship networks.