Promoting rehabilitation for stroke survivors - Coggle Diagram
Promoting rehabilitation for stroke survivors
Risk factor modification
Because fat will clog blood vessels.
Smoking can cause blood vessels to rupture easily.
BMI > 22.9 kg/m2
Excess alcohol intake
Because this expand the blood vessels, causing higher blood pressure may cause blood vessels to rupture
It could reduce the incidence of recurrent vascular events by 80%
choosing healthy meal and snack options can help you prevent stroke. Be sure to eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables. Eating foods low in saturated fats
can help you control other things that put you at risk, such as obesity, high cholesterol and diabetes.
Are effective in reducing stroke risk,even in people who dont have an elevated BP or an lipid profile
It can reduce in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD)
Life after stroke
Know your medication
Know the prescribed medication and side effect
Clarify with the doctor if you are unsure
Watch out for any symtoms of side effect
Physical therapy can help them regain strength to start moving and walking again
Accompany your loved one to their physio session or a short walk
Think positive,Be happy
Look for sign of depression.
Consult a doctor if it’s difficult to provide emotional support.
Avoid caregiver burnout.
Eat right, exercise, and do things you enjoy.
The multidisciplinary team
positioning for therapeutic benefit
breathing and leg exercises
promoting and managing continence
plan of physical interventions to prevent
teach patients to regain balance and the use of affected limbs.
speech and language therapists assist
swallowing and communication,
while medical treatments.
Role of care
independence in activities of daily living
How to care for a patient with psychological problems.
Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT)
Guidelines for treat the patient psychologically by caregivers
Listen to the patient’s thoughts and make sure the patient is supported by you no matter what.
Encourage communication between your loved one and other stroke survivors.
Promote creative or stimulating activity.
Spend some time in the community.
Psychological problems following stroke may include depression, anxiety, emotionalism and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Diving after stroke
The Stroke Driver’s Screening Assessment (SDSA)
is a cognitive screening test for drivers
Diving increases independence and opportunities
to participate in work and activities
They are not allowed to drive for one month after stroke but may resume once their clinical recovery is satisfactory.
Get enough sleep !!!
Returning to work
Role in nursing
assistance with benefits and employee counsel
Nurses should also be aware of and signpost stroke survivors to other services.
follow-up by rehabilitation services.