Covenant (vital pillar): Relationship between one and god. The first was…
Covenant (vital pillar): Relationship between one and god. The first was between god and Abraham
Abraham was the 1st patriarch of Jewish people. He taught that there was only one god.
Abraham was married to Sarah and they had a son named Isaac. To show his relationship with god he was told to sacrifice his son and when he is about to do it god calls it off because he now knew his good faith with Abraham
Ishmael is Abrahams first son that he had with Hagar and he doesn't inherit anything from Abraham when he dies.
Ones who broke the covenant with God was Adam and Eve. In the Garden of Eden they were tested by the serpent, one of gods wild animals and they failed the test and ate they ate the apple from the tree of knowledge good and evil. By doing this they broke the covenant by not listening to God.
This led to expulsion. God made life hard for Adam and Eve after for breaking the covenant between them. Eve had a hard time bearing children and they were both banished from the garden
Types of Judaism
Conservative: usually half way between both. They practice traditional Judaism but practice in contemporary
Reform: Life is seen with many opportunities and to be welcomed. The services are not only in Hebrew anymore and men and woman were equal.
Orthodox: Traditional and theological branches of contemporary Judaism.
God and Noah: Noah's place on earth allowed God to have a covenant with all the living creatures in earth.
3 Sects of ancient Judaism:
Essenes: devoted most of their time to studying. They seemed to disappear after the Temple destruction, this is where the temple was burned down and the jews had to decide if it was their god or another who did the destruction. This was a period of great change for Judaism.
Sadducees: This sect was drawn from priestly, aristocratic, and military circles. They believed that God is not actively involved with the world.
Pharisees: they were involved in government, community and religious practices. They believe that evil would be punished and good would be rewarded.
Zealots (4th Philosophy): Most important was their passion for liberty. They believed that they must act on behalf of God or the whole nation will be punished.
Early Prophetic tradition: They believed in henotheism. The goal for this was social harmony and they believed that the Messiah was a worldly king.
Apocalyptic Prophetic tradition: They believe in monotheism. This is also known as Christianity.
10 Commandments: Moses recited these on Mt. Sinai. God believed that if you followed these if made you a treasured possession to him. These were the standards that make life possible.
613: These are the other laws that govern the other phases in life in addition to the 10 commandments.
Maimonides 13 principles: This is just a mature view on Judaism. Beliefs binding to ever Jew.
Book of Job is a sustained reflection on nature of genuine religious faith. God doesn't reward or punish you based on faith.