AC1.1 - Describe processes for law making - Coggle Diagram
AC1.1 - Describe processes for law making
1. Consultation stage
An initial report to trigger public discussion of the subject. It includes questions for interested individuals and organisations to respond to.
After a consultation, the government publishes the white paper. This sets out detailed plans for legislation. It includes a draft version of the bill to put before parliament.
2. First reading
The government introduces the bill into the commons (sometimes the lords). This is the formal announcement of the bill, followed by a vote.
3. Second reading
The main principles of the bill are considered and debated and a vote is taken. If the government has the support of the majority of MPs the bill goes onto the next stage.
4. The committee stage
The bill is looked at in detail by a
small committee of MPs from different parties.
They report back to the house and may
propose amendments/changes to the bill.
5. The report stage
This gives MPs the opportunity to look at the committees report, debate and vote on the suggested amendments.
6. Third reading
The final chance for the house to debate the bills contents. No further amendments are allowed and the house votes to pass or reject the bill.
The bill then goes to the other house. It goes through the same stages as before. If the bill is amended it goes back to the other house to accept or reject them. The House of Commons has the final say.
8. Royal assent
Once passed by both houses it is signed by the monarch. This is the agreement to turn the bill into an act of parliament/law. The new law then comes into force straight away.