US Government Module 2 Review - Coggle Diagram
US Government Module 2 Review
2.01 Revolutionary Ideas
Organization of the Declaration of Independence
The document has three main components. The first section introduces the reasons it was created and explains the colonists' beliefs about the purpose of government. You can find evidence of their principles and ideas best in this first section.
The second section lists the complaints against King George III, which were the actions he took that the colonists believed violated their rights and principles of government.
In the last section, the colonists officially declare the United States as an independent nation and clarify what that means for their relationship with Great Britain and other nations.
2.02 The Constitution
Features and Successes
of the Articles of Confederation
created first central government of the United States of America
organized western territory secured through the peace treaty that ended the war with Britain
functioned through the end of the Revolutionary War
listed some protections for individual rights, such as free
listed some protections for individual rights, such as free movement between states and mutual respect for state laws
allowed government to: borrow money, operate an army and navy, ban slavery in the western territory, create new states
2.02B The US Constitution and Your State
This topic includes the Constitution of the United States, including the institutions, branches, and functions of state governments, including local governments, and of the government of the United States, and in the electoral process.
2.03 The Anti-Federalists
When the Constitution was sent to the state legislatures for ratification, not everyone was eager to approve it. At least nine of the thirteen states had to ratify for it to take effect. While the convention drafting the document was still in session, delegates began to separate into two groups.
People who supported the Constitution as it was and argued for immediate ratification became known as "federal men" or Federalists.
Those who did not wish to ratify were called "anti-federals," though the name does not mean that they were against federalism. In fact, the Anti-Federalists' name is ironic because they were against a strong central government. They favored a federal system where the states were supreme, similar to the Articles of Confederation
Federalism is a legal division of authority between the national, state, and local governments. Each government is sovereign in its own sphere, or area of authority. Many nations today govern with a federal system, but the nature of federalism can vary. Which level of government has supremacy as well as the specific powers assigned can differ greatly between nations.
2.05 The Bill of Rights
The Bill of Rights is the name given to the first 10 amendments to the Constitution. It contains a list of individual rights that Americans have that the government must respect. Early leaders of the U.S. wanted to limit government so that the rights found in the Bill of Rights could not be taken away.