Three key concept in Industrial Relation, - Coggle Diagram
Three key concept in Industrial Relation
An independence of state power on any other power, both in international relations as well as internal matters (V. Kosco, 2016).
Element of Sovereignty
The ability to subject all entities in a particular territory, regardless of their mode of grouping
The fact that all areas of activities are regulated by legal standards that are recognized by the state authorities.
Sovereign states are in international law, equal, and sovereign equality is the basis upon which the United Nations (UN) operates.
Sovereignty flows from the recognition of the
legitimacy of some central governing power and not the acceptance of the moral or legal validity of the acts carried out by central authority
The concept of sovereignty originated with the Peace of Westphaliain 1648, when governments ceased to support co-religionists in conflict with their own states
Feminism is a political movement; it exists to rectify sexual inequalities, startegies, for a social change vary
Inequality between man and woman
is the most significant
Gender norms are socially constructed
not determined by biology
Rosemarie Tong (1988) two groups
of radical feminist
Radical-cultural feminists believe in the superiority of the femininity such as emotion
Radical-libertarian feminists aim for a state of androgyny
Strategies for change
Campaigns againts objectification
Separatism ( women anly communes, and
Society is patriarchal (men are the rulling class and women the subject class
Rape, violance and pronography are methods through which maintain power over woman, Dworkin (1981)
the study of and movement for
women not as objects but as subjects of knowledge.
Inequalities between men and women affect both men and women.
Men and women have strict, inflexible expectations as a result of their socialisation into traditional gender roles.
Liberal feminists' major goal is to create equal chances, as seen by the Sex Discrimination Act and Equal Pay Act.
Women are denied equal chances due to discrimination.
Ideas from liberal feminism, such as mainstreaming, have had the greatest influence on women's lives.
Work within established systems rather than seeking revolutionary changes.
Marxist feminists believe that gender inequities would disappear in a communist society.
Capitalism rather than patriarchy is the principal source of womans's oppression
Women from the ruling class and proletariat households are more sensitive to disparities in Marxist Feminism
Women's subordination benefits capatalism
Because he is responsible for his wife and children, the husband is more reliant on his employment and less likely to seek compensation increases.
For free, women reproduce the labour force (socialisation is done for free)
Women absorb anger-women keep the husbands going
Population's socioeconomic wealth and welfare
People expect their government to adopt appropriate policies
To encourage high employment
To encourage low inflation
To encourage steady investment
To encourage the uninterrupted floe of trade and commerce
State need to response to international economic environment to enhance or maintain national standard of living
International Political Economy (IPE) approach
Should be addressed through economic policies that can deal adequately
with international markets
the economic policies of other state
foreign exchange rates
international transportation and communications
other international economic relations that affect national wealth and welfare