Health and illness concept, Internal and external factors - Coggle Diagram
Health and illness concept
Disease: It is the pathological changes to the structure and function
Illness: it is how a person respond to the illness
Wellness: it the capability of an individual to meet the minimum requirement of physical, psychological and social aspect for an appropriate functioning
Self concept: It is the collection of belief about oneself.
Health has a vital concept
It is not static
It is subjected to cont. change and evaluation
Health is a complete state of physical, social and mental wellbeing and is not merely the absent of disease and infirmity.
It is multidimension concept with the aspects being inter-related and inter-dependent.
it considers an individual as a holistic system.
It looks at both the external and internal enviroment.
It acknowledges the individual role in life and their value
According to Potter and perry
Health is a dynamic status, in which an individual tends to adapt to the external and internal environment to maintain a state of health and wellbeing
Health is a dynamic state that changes from time to time
It acknowledges the relationship between the external and internal environment and the health status
It recognizes the importance of the adaptation in maintaining the health and wellbeing
Model of health and illness
Health continuum model
It considers health as a dynamic status
It is expressed through the scale having two ends.
it is a relative concept and not a separate absolutes.
Agent- host and environmental model: Needs to be balanced otherwise leads to diseases
It identifies the risk factor and the causes of the disease
Host: A person who is at the risk of acquiring the disease
Agent: It is the external and internal Factor whose presence and absence can cause disease
Environment: it is the external factor whose presence can cause disease .
Internal and external factors
Social supprot network
Mind and body interaction
Life style choices
cultural and spiritual belief
Level of preventive care.
Secondary; early diagnosis, treatment and limitation of disability
Tertiary; Restoration and rehabilitation
Primary: Health promotion and protection
Classification of disease
Acute : Short term of less than 3 months, severe symtoms and occurs suddenly
Chronic: Long term for more than 3 months, less severe symptoms, slow onset.
Impacts of illness
Impact on self concept
Impact on the family role
Impact on body image
Impact on the family dynamics
Behavioural and emational changes