4.1 Safety as System - Coggle Diagram
Safety as System
of Safety systems
(which interact with one another)
(how the organization does things)
e.g. standard operating procedure (SOP) and how it translate into a job card that gives the details of what needs to be done for a specific task)
process could be established for how risk assessment is performed. This could help to turn generic best practice in risk assessment into a specific procedure for assessing risk (one that suits the context of the organisation).
(Meeting legal requirements)
Regulation of safety differs significantly from country to country. You should ask these questions:
What does the law require and is this sufficient?
Are regulations implemented effectively and enforced?
How does regulation need to change, for example, to match changes in technology and/or work practices?
(Internal organizational policy, also external policy guidance such as trade bodies)
organizational: Corporate safety manual / or policy
: Procedures laid down by professional bodies
(hardware and Software)
People have a large influence on safety outcomes
Does training provide people at all levels within the organisation with the necessary blend of safety knowledge, skills and the ability to address real-world safety challenges?
Do employees have sufficient experience to competently do the job they have been assigned, and hence to do it safely?
Do people within the organisation have a positive or negative attitude to safety, and how does this impact their actions?
Interactions between these components shape safety outcomes can lead to safety issues
of Safety as a system
Safety as a system issue
(from unit 1)
Using these approaches to look at safety
you might try to understand the specifics of why you are having numerous accidents on a specific production line using the five components
you might evaluate why an organisation’s overall approach to safety is deficient by using the three factors.
All these are TOOLS to analyse safety within organizations