Revision Resource on Variation - Coggle Diagram
Revision Resource on Variation
A gene is a section of DNA that is responsible for a characteristic like eye colour or blood group. Humans have around 20,000 genes. DNA makes up genes, which makes up chromosomes. One copy of all your chromosomes is called your genome.
How many chromosomes does it contain?
A chromosome contains hundreds to thousands of genes. Every normal human cell contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, for a total of 46 chromosomes.
What is consists of
2 strands that wind around each other like a twisted ladder.
What is the DNA shape called?
The double helix
Who invented the double helix?
James D. Watson
What it is
how many genes are in on chromosomes?
hundreds and thousands
What it is
A piece of DNA that contains genes.
How many chromosomes are in an egg cell?
How many chromosomes are in a sperm?
What it is made up of
A different pattern of the four bases of DNA
What they are
A section of DNA that controls an inherited feature
Where they are located
what is it made up of?
A chromosome is made up of proteins and DNA organized into genes
What causes animals become extinct?