Variation Analysis And Narrative Analysis - Coggle Diagram
Variation Analysis And Narrative Analysis
It is combines both qualitative and quantitative techniques and variationists study linguistic change at all linguistic levels.
It is a particular unit in discourse which contains smaller units having particular unit in discourse which contains smaller units having particular syntatic and semantic properties.
Concepts Associated with Narrative Analysis
Every narrative requires a personal theory of casuality, where the sequence of events is explained by (a series of) explicit or implicit causal relations.
Narrator's point of view
It is normally reflected in the assignment of praise or blame to the actors or actions involved in the narrative.
It refers to "the extent to which listeners believed that the events described actually occurred in the form described by the narrator".
An objective event is "one that became known to the narrator through sense experience”, and a subjective event is “one that the narrator became aware of through memory, emotional reaction, or internal sensation”.
It has to do with the fact that telling a narrative requires a person to hold the floor longer, and the narrative to carry enough interest for the audience to justify its telling.
It can also form part of narratives, but they are not central to them, since description in narratives is typically assigned to a background orientation function.
A lot of subjectivity is involved in the process of making a point when telling a story, and the point of a story is indicated by means of some sort of evaluation.
It is a central criterion for the definition of narrative. The linear presentation of event clauses in a narrative is crucial for the assignment of reference time.
Narrative and Identity
Narrative discourse has proved to be a fertile ground for the study of individual and socio/cultural identity.
Influence of Goffman’s work
These studies show how speakers may make use of variety linguistic means to assume an authoritative identity with respect interlocutors.
He showed how the narrator’s voice could be separated from that of the speaking character, thus obtaining a blend of different voices within the same narrative.
She analyzes how a woman positions herself in relation to the dominant ideology of intensive mothering, as well as how she produces herself as a mother.
He defies the dominating and prevailing view of narrative as a chronologically-ordered set of clauses, by stating that our constructions of identity may flow recurrently between the present and the past.
Zimmerman and Wieder’s social constructionism
It conceives identity as a process that presupposes discursive work and takes place in concrete interactional situations.