ELECTIONS & THE ELECTION COMMISSION, Nominations - Coggle Diagram
ELECTIONS & THE ELECTION COMMISSION
People exercise power over their representatives
People elect the members of the parliament & the state legislature who further elect the president and the president appoints the prime minister & the ministers.
There shall be one general electoral roll for every constituency
Voting protects the rights & freedom of the people
The principles of elections are secret ballot, Electoral choice & universal adult franchisee
An election is an organized process in which people vote to choose the persons who shall represent them in the parliament or the state legislature.
Types Of Election
By Election - A member of the Lok Sabha or the legislative assembly may suddenly resign or die, thus to elect a new member for the vacant seat, by elections are held.
Midterm Election - The Lok Sabha or the legislative assembly maybe dissolved before its term ends, thus to constitute a new house, midterm elections are held.
General Elections - Elections to the Lok Sabha & all legislative assemblies are termed as general election.
Kinds Of Election
Direct Elections - Direct elections is one in which voters directly choose their representatives to the legislature. ex-> Members of Lok Sabha, Vidhan Sabha, Gram Panchayat & Municipal Corporation
Indirect Elections - Indirect elections are the ones in which people do not directly choose their representatives to the legislature or the head of the state, instead they elect an intermediate body which finally proceeds to elect president or head of the state as the case may be. Ex -> President, Vidhan Parishad, Vice president & members of the Rajya sabha
Election Commission (Introduction)
Management of elections, 3 member body
Chief election commissioner & other commissioners are appointed by the president
Chief election commissioner = Chairman of the election commission
Term of office = 6 years or 65 years of age whichever happens first
Salary paid is equal to the judge of the supreme court
If there is any difference in the opinion, majority has the power.
The CEC or the EC cannot be removed from the office unless on the recommendation of the judge of the supreme court or the CEC respectively.
Conditions of service should not be varied to their disadvantage after the appointment.
Complete control over the staff on duty
Functions of the Election Commission
Ensuring free & fair elections
Allotment of symbols
Preparation of photo identity cards and electoral rolls
Disqualification on the basis of holding any office of profit or being of unsound mind
Conduct of election
Recognition to political parties
Free & Fair Elections
Ministers shall not combine their official visit with the electioneering work
Government vehicles & personnel shall not be used for boosting the interests of the party in power.
If booth capturing takes place, a fresh poll shall be ordered by the EC
Distribution of freebies is prohibited.
If any corrupt practice takes place by an elected candidate, the High court shall declare the elections to be void.
Scrutiny Of Nominations
Publication Of Lisit
Counting Of Votes
Declaration Of Results
Conduct Of Elections