Descolonization and “Third World” - Coggle Diagram
Descolonization and “Third World”
A worldwide trend
National liberation movements"
were consolidated in several
In Africa, there were social
mobilizations and armed
Congo struggle led by
Indonesia became independent
thanks to Sukarno.
End of the
Britain lost its empire.
India, Burma, Malaysia, Singapore
and the Caribbean colonies became
With the British African colonies, the
United Kingdom gave command to
The Balinese of Rhodesia became
independent without British
authorization and provoked a
South Africa had established apartheid, a system of discrimination and exclusion of blacks.
Second World: Soviet Union and its communist
allies, which had lower economic growth.
Third World: poor countries that concentrated the
largest population with fewer resources, the Third
World was one of the "fronts" of the Cold War and ideological confrontations between communism and capitalism.
First World: developed capitalist
countries that had the greatest wealth
on the planet.
There were developed countries with
socialist regimes, but without submitting
to the Soviets, such as Yugoslavia.
Nationalists, led by Nasser in Egypt, or poor
countries with capitalist systems.
Thus was born the Non-Allied Movement, influential
in the middle of the 20th century.
Ethnic clashes, economic interests,
among others, generated conflicts
in the nascent states.
Trade unions and peasant
organizations fought for
There were civil wars and dictatorships.
National liberation struggles were
supported by the USSR and its allies.
The Commonwealth is an association
of 54 independent countries whose
governments share objectives such
Currently, any country can
join the Commonwealth.
The Commonwealth is an association formed
by the United Kingdom and several of its
former dependencies that maintain friendly ties.
In South Africa, the Afrikaners
conquered the black peoples
and in 1910, the Union of
South Africa had autonomy.
The white Afrikaners established a
regime where they had the power and
the blacks were workers with reduced
rights, this was called apartheid.
In the 90's, a black majority government
and an agreement arrived, headed by
French colonial conflicts
The Japanese occupied French Indochina
and promoted nationalism. The French
wanted to recover the colonies, and
ended with the independence of
Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia.
French colonies in the Caribbean and those
in North, Central and East Africa became
independent by negotiated agreements.
In Algeria there was a conflict that shook
French politics, but the French eventually