Royalist landowners→heavily in debt during the revolution with universal belief that rents were falling therefore did not want continuation of the war
suspended all penal laws
allowed Roman catholics to worship in their own homes
offered licences for Protestant dissenters to hold public worship
Caused most of political nation to unite against charles
Lasted until Charles was forced to call parliament through financial necessity (a year)
Forced public offcie to deny the key Catholic doctrine of Transubstantiation
Treasurer, Duke of York, the Lord Admiral were forced to resign
Aug 1678 Titus Oates approached Godfrey (London Magistrate) with story of plot organised by Jesuits and the French to murder Charles and replace him with James.
Gained credibility after murder of Godfrey and letters about link with these groups and parliament
Led to full scale political crisis
Exclusion Bill→May 1679 drafted by Parliament, second bill defeated in lords under King, WHigs passed another bill and Charles dissolved Parliament and ordered arrest of Shaftesbury for treason
Exclusion crisis→occurred by wide popular engagement with politics - London coffee houses, Whig periodicals and newspapers.