Problems For Australian Agriculture - Coggle Diagram
Problems For Australian Agriculture
Rise in Temperature
Increased damming in rural Australia has been extremely impactful for farmers in the eastern parts of Australia. Damming means that natural rivers and water flow is cut off to many areas which once relied on it. Without this water, it is also extremely difficult for rainfall to reach areas that rely on it. Dams draw water from rivers so by increasing damming a large array of issues are sparked including lower freshwater wildlife populations, increased drought, increased dust storms etc. Natural irrigation is also affected by dams which causes the soil to become drier and less suitable for farming.
Solutions: Provide alternative industries which can still provide profit on the level of the dams which are not as environmentally destructive. Talk to the government about how many negative impacts the dams have, try to stop the private funding to companies and political organisations which fund the construction of the dams.
Nutrition & Diet
Feeding a balanced diet for livestock is important to maintain health and fitness of the animals. A balanced nutritious diet of a mixture of grain, pellets and grass is ideal for most animals.
Genetic selecting can be described as the process of choosing animals that meet the requirements of the breeding objective and will also pass particular traits onto their offspring. This is useful so that farmers can maximise profits on their livestock.
Data Analysis (EID)
Using electronic animal tags provides an opportunity to better manage the isolated performances of the animals. Over time, the weight history of an animal can be tracked, good and bad performers can be identified and the input of resources managed to ensure profits are maximized. Most EID readers can deliver information about livestock rapidly. This is done by reading electronic ear tags on animals that are on a weigh platform. Isolated livestock data captured against EID tags can help provide information regarding animal health, mating and culling decisions. EID readers are water-proof and dust-proof and useful for cattle, sheep and deer.
Genetics (GM Crops)
Genetically selected or modified crops have been used for thousands of years by farmers across the globe. GM Crops are important for farmers since it helps the farmer better adapt their yield to suit the climate of their respective regions. Creating and using a Gm Crop in an area that is windy with high rainfalls may mean planting crops that are shorter with stronger roots so the farmer is not compensating on their yield by losing money if the crop is destroyed by weather systems.
Solutions: Plant crops which are efficient for the region, short crops for windy areas, strong rooted crops for heavy rainfall.
Herbicide resistance is a massive issue as many weeds become adaptive to the effect of herbicides. Resistance to glyphosate, found in roundup has been drastically affecting yields across Australia. The use of the Harington Seed Destructor has become a very effective way to decrease weed germination as it pulverises weed seeds before they germinate. This works towards making herbicides more sustainable, using the seed destructor at the end of the season can control resistance fibres.
Solutions: Use the Harington Seed Destructor, Rotate crops every season, don't plant the most profitable crop every season and keep variety.