Humanitarian Intervention - Coggle Diagram
The most important principle in international law is the inviolability of the territorial sovereignty of states.
Humanitarian intervention is to prevent or stop a gross violation of human rights in a state.
Where such state is either incapable or unwilling to protect its own people.
If there is to be humanitarian intervention
There should be a coherent humanitarian justification coupled with a proper procedural and substantive legal regime to underwrite it.
"For one thing, there’s a history of humanitarian intervention. You can look at it. And when you do, you discover that virtually every use of military force is described as humanitarian intervention.”
Many a time, the intervention itself is unilateral and unauthorized.
Canadian government and several other actors
Establishment of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS)
The international community’s responsibility to act in the face of the gravest of human rights violations while respecting the sovereignty of states.
Algerian diplomat Mohamed Sahnoun
"If the international community is to respond to this challenge, the whole debate must be turned on its head. The issue must be reframed not as an argument about the ’right to intervene’ but about the ’responsibility to protect.’"
The perceived requirement of humanitarian motivations can both constrain and enable state actors.
There is always much room for skepticism when it comes to the motives of intervenors.
Rarely are motivations pure and altruistic.
The extent that humanitarian concerns have gained influence
State and non-state actors, can discern a significant normative shift.