CHUYÊN ĐỀ 5. COMPARISONS (SO SÁNH) - Coggle Diagram
CHUYÊN ĐỀ 5. COMPARISONS
(SO SÁNH HƠN)
1. SO SÁNH HƠN CỦA TÍNH TỪ VÀ TRẠNG TỪ NGẮN
S1 + LINKING V + ADJ-ER + THAN + S2
S1 + V + ADV-ER + THAN + S2
her sister (does).
Tính từ và trạng từ ngắn có 1 âm tiết, hoặc 2 âm tiết có kết thúc bằng y, et, er, ow
Tính từ ngắn có dạng kết thúc = 1 phụ âm + 1 nguyên âm + 1 phụ âm thì nhân đôi phụ âm cuối và thêm er.
ex: big --> bigger/ hot --> hotter
2. SO SÁNH HƠN CỦA TÍNH TỪ VÀ TRẠNG TỪ DÀI
S1 + LINKING V + MORE + ADJ dài + THAN S2
Ex: My students get
more hard-working than
ex: The movie is
more interesting than
I think/ thought.
more intelligent than
S1 + V + MORE + ADV dài + THAN S2
ex: I drive more carefully than
him/ he does
ex: This shirt isn't more expensive than that one.
(SO SÁNH HƠN NHẤT)
1. SO SÁNH NHẤT CỦA TÍNH TỪ/ TRẠNG TỪ NGẮN
S + LINKING V + THE + ADJ ngắn -EST IN/ OF ...
(student) in his class.
(girl) in her group.
S + V + THE ADV ngắn -EST + IN/OF ...
in his class.
My mom works
in my family.
2. SO SÁNH NHẤT CỦA TÍNH TỪ/TRẠNG TỪ DÀI
S + linking V + the most + adj + in/ of...
This shirt is
the most comfortable
The car is
the most luxury
in my region.
S + V + the most + ADV + in/of
My mom works the most studious in my family.
the most gracefully
(SO SÁNH BẰNG)
S1 + Linking V + as + ADJ + as S2 (tobe/ trợ ĐT)
Ex: Mary is
as pretty as
ex: I feel
as happy as
her/ she does.
Chú ý: Nếu câu phủ có thể dùng
S1+ (not) + Linking V + so/as + adj + as
ex: Mary isn't
so pretty as
ex: I don't feel
so happy as
her/ she does.
S1 + V + as + ADV+ as S2 ( trợ ĐT)
ex: He studies as hard as his brother (does).
ex: Minh ran as fast as Hung (did).
ex: He doesn't drive as/so carefully as me/ I do
IV. DOUBLE COMPARATIVE
(SO SÁNH KÉP)
1. SO SÁNH LŨY TIẾN
(CÀNG NGÀY CÀNG)
S + LINKING V + MORE AND MORE + ADJ DÀI
Ex: The boy is more and more handsome.
S + LINKING V + ADJ-ER AND ADJ-ER
Ex: The cake gets smaller and smaller.
2. SO SÁNH ĐỒNG TIẾN
(CÀNG .... CÀNG)
The + comparative + S + V/LINKING V, The + comparative + S + V/LINKING V
EX: The more he studies, the better he becomes.
Ex: The more luxurious the products are, the more expensive they becomes.