THE ORGANIZATION AND ITS CONTEXT - Coggle Diagram
THE ORGANIZATION AND ITS CONTEXT
The Introduction to Organization Theory
Today effective leaders are being asked to do more than give orders. Leadership came to have a different meaning: that of sharing responsibilities, being committed to the company's objectives and even being willing to change.
The emphasis on total quality management, the use of human work teams and the change in the decision-making capacity of the employees resulted in the training of super-workers.
Motivation: It can be defined as those psychological processes that stimulate and guide voluntary actions to achieve certain objectives.
Variables que afectan el Proceso de Motivación:
Características Individuales (Intereses, Actitudes y Necesidades).
Características del Trabajo (Inherentes a las Actividades que va a desempeñar o desempeña el empleado y que no pueden o no satisfacen sus expectativas personales).
Características de La Situación de Trabajo (Factores del Ambiente de Trabajo).
Políticas de Personal
Sueldo y Salario
Communication: Process by which people try to share meaning through the transmission of the symbolic message.
Resistance to Change (it is the most difficult barrier to overcome).
The Leader is Born.
Steps to establish a Level of Control: 1. Measure Performance, 2. Determine if Performance agrees with the Standard,
Take Corrective Measures,
Set of characteristics of a product that satisfy the needs of the customers and, consequently, make the product satisfactory.
The quality of products.
The Quality of Supplies.
The Quality of the Processes.
The Quality of Resources, both Technical and Human, as well as Materials.
The Quality of Management Activities.
Quality in its Manifestation:
Input Quality (Materials, Skills, Planning, Forecast).
Quality of Activity (Procedure, Class, Attitude, Skill).
Output Quality (Products and Services with zero defects).
Quality is Developing, Designing and Producing a product or service that is the most economical, the most useful and always satisfactory for the client.
The Theory of Satisfaction Motivation:
Hierarchy of Needs Theory.
Theory of the 2 factors.
Theory of Achievement.
Different types of Securities:
Ethical - Morales
Partner - Politicians
Definition of Organization
Organization is the Structure of the Relationships that must exist between the Functions, Levels and Activities of the material and human elements of a social organism, in order to achieve maximum efficiency within the plans and objectives indicated, "Agustín Reyes Ponce".
Organizing is grouping and ordering the activities necessary to achieve the established goals by creating administrative units, assigning where appropriate functions, authority, responsibility and hierarchy, establishing the relationships that must exist between said units, "Eugenio Sixto Velasco".
Organizing is grouping the activities necessary to achieve certain objectives, assigning each group an administrator with the necessary authority to supervise it and coordinating both horizontally and vertically the entire structure of the company, Koontz & O'Donnell ".
Organization is the coordination of the activities of all the individuals that make up a company in order to obtain the maximum possible use of material, technical and human elements, in the realization of the purposes that the company itself pursues, "Isaac Guzmán V" .
The organization as a structure, originates the need to establish levels of authority and responsibility within the company.
Simplifications and Functions.
Importance of the Organization:
It is of a continuous nature.
The best way to achieve objectives is established.
Performance of Activities.
Avoid slowness and inefficiency of activities.
Reduce duplication of efforts
Objective Organization Principles
Unity of Command
Coordination: The units of an organization must always be kept in balance (Marketing, Finance, Production, Human Resources).
Continuity: Once the organizational structure has been established, it needs to be maintained, improved, and adjusted to environmental conditions.
Organizations as Systems
Systems Theory (TS) is a specific branch of general systems theory (TGS).
The TGS arose with the works of the German Ludwig von Bertalanffy, published between 1950 and 1968.
The TGS does not seek to solve problems or try practical solutions, but rather to produce theories and conceptual formulations that can create conditions of applications in empirical reality.
The TGS states that the properties of systems cannot be described in terms of their separate elements; their understanding comes when they are studied globally.
The TGS is based on 3 basic premises:
Systems exist within Systems.
Systems are Open.
The Functions of the Systems depend on their Structure.
The interest of the TGS are the characteristics and parameters that it establishes for all systems. Applied to the administration of TS, the company is seen as a structure that is reproduced and visualized through a decision-making system, both individually and collectively.
Traditional theories have viewed human organization as a closed system.
The old approach was weak, since:
It dealt with few of the significant variables of the total situation.
Many times it has been supported by improper variables.
The TS allows to reconceptualize the phenomena within a global approach, to integrate matters that are, in most of the times of a completely different nature.
A Set of Elements
Forming an Activity
To achieve a Goal
Operating on data / energy / matter
To provide information / energy / matter
System is an organized and complex whole; a set or combination of things or parts that form a complex or unitary whole.
Physical or Concrete Systems
Regarding its Nature:
Input or Input or Impulse (input)
Output or Product or Result (output)
Processing or Processor or Transformer (Throughput)
Feedback or Feedback or Feedback
Closely Related Primary Functions
Reaction to the Environment
Provision of the Parties
Feedback of the Parts
System with Multiple Objectives or Functions
Visualized as Many Subsystems in Dynamic Interaction with Each Other
Multiple Links make it difficult to define the boundaries of Organizations.
Organizations as an Open System
Organizations as a Class of Social Systems
Culture and Organizational Climate
Concept of Organizational Effectiveness
Organization as a System of Papers
Basic Characteristics of Systematic Analysis
The Functional Man
TS is based on the Functional Man theory.
The individual plays a role within the organization, interacting with other individuals, as an open system.
The Environmental Supersystem: Concept, evolution and Influence of the Environment
Systems do not occur in a vacuum, completely isolated from other phenomena, on the contrary, systems have an environment, that is, they are surrounded by other phenomena that usually include other systems.
The relationship of a System with its environment or environment also makes it possible to distinguish between Open Systems (with exchange with the environment) and Closed Systems (without exchange with the environment).
Biological Systems and Social Systems are open systems, and it is for this reason that systems theory has become so widely accepted in the field of social sciences in recent decades.
The set of objects whose property changes affect a system and which are in turn affected by the activity of the System.