Healthy Minds Introduction - Coggle Diagram
Healthy Minds Introduction
What is a healthy mind?
People with healthy minds are not just free of mental disorders; they have high levels of social and emotional wellbeing.
People with a healthy mind have the capacity to interact with other people and their environment in ways that promote subjective well-being and their coping strategies and resources help them to be resilient to many life stresses.
4 levels of explanation
Considers the biological and chemical processes underlying behaviour.
For example drugs, hormones, nervous damage, health and genetic predisposition.
The psychological processes that are universal across humans.
For example learning, cognitions, thinking styles, emotions, memory.
This looks at individual differences to explain behaviour.
For example personalities, gender, ages, intelligence and motivation
The influences that other people exert on behaviour in a social-cultural context.
For example family, friends and media
What is an unhealthy?
The individual is repetitiously behaving in a way that is causing significant harm or distress to themselves and or others.
Some people are more likely to develop a mental illness because they experience one or more risk factors.
A risk factor does not cause mental illness by each risk factor increases the chance of developing a mental illness.
A risk factor can be classified as acting at one of 4 levels.
Diathesis Stress Model
This is a model which links factors at all 4 levels of psychological understanding in the development of mental illness.
The model suggest that certain individuals have risk factor that predispose them to develop a mental disorder that may or may not be activated depending upon whether they are exposed to certain stress in their lives.
Factors that reduce the likelihood of developing a mental health disorder.
Child Factor: Attachment to family, optimism, social skills.
School Factors: Sense of belonging, positive environment.
Family Factors: supportive parents, small family size, stable family.
Life events: Good health, physical health, opportunities
Defined as the capacity to bounce back during difficult times and to function and adapt despite the presence of considerable life stressors and adverse conditions
Factors that Enhance Resilience: