A: Tend to be very general in nature and individuals acknowledge that they cannot be applied to all members of the group.
M: lab exp
P= in the experimental condition (stereotype threat), participants were told that the test diagnosed intellectual ability
in the control condition, participants were told that the purpose of the research had nothing to do with intellectual ability
R=African-Americans did poorly when they believed that the test was a test of their ability, but did just as well as the white Americans when they believed that it was a test of problem-solving skills.
C=stereotype threat diminished the intellectual performance of the black participants in the experiment, suggesting that merely being aware of a stereotype can decrease academic achievement
E = artificial, cause and effect relationship, internal validity