Gene transcription and translation - Coggle Diagram
Gene transcription and translation
Occurs in the nucleus of the cells
mRNA is Monocistronic
Occurs in 80 ribosomes
Initiation codon is AUG. occasionally GUG or CUG
Process of translating the sequence of a messenger RNA (mRNA) during the synthesis of protein
The genetic code describes the relationship between the sequence of base pairs in a gene and the corresponding amino acid sequence that it encodes
In the cell Cytoplsms, the rebosom read the secuences of mRna in bases of three pairs and form the protein
mRna is Polycistronic
Initiation codon is usually AUG, occasionally
GUG or UUG
Also occurs in the cytoplasm
It is a faster process, adds about 20 amino
acids per second.
Occurs in 70 ribosomes
A single mRNA polimerase synthesis the
three tipes of RNA
Transcriptionl units has one more genes
occurs in the Cytoplams
In the initiation of Transcription do not
need any proteins
The Rna polimerases I,II,III synthezises the
tree tipes of RNA
Initiation of transcription requires proteins
called transcription factor.
Occurs on the nucleus of the cell
Transcriptional units have only one gene
Process of making an RNA copy of a gene sequence. it is called messenger RNA (mRNA)
The mRNA molecule leaves the nucleus of
the cell and enters to the cytoplasm.
It directs the synthesis of protein.