Consequences of climate change - Coggle Diagram
Consequences of climate change
People living in vulnerable areas may have to move home or to different countries. Some small island states such as Tuvalu and Vanuatu are particularly at risk.
600 million people live in coastal areas that are less than 10m above sea level
People may suffer increased frequency of flooding and storm damage.
People may loose their jobs, for example in fishing or tourism, and have to learn new skills
The numbers of environmental refugees will increase
Many important world cities including New York, Venice and London could be affected by flooding
Valuable agricultural land may be lost to the sea or polluted by seawater.
Harbours and ports may be affected, which will impact on trade and fishing
Transport systems, such as railways,road and airports may be damaged or destroyed.
Valuable land and property will need expensive measures of coastal defense
Many countries depend on coastal tourism as their main source of income. Beaches may be eroded or flooded, forcing hotels to close.
Fresh water sources as well could be polluted by salty seawater;this is called salinisation.
Damage could occur to coastal ecosystems such as mangrove swamps, which form natural barriers to swamps
Damage to coral reefs by storms and and powerful waves will affect fish breeding grounds and ecosystems.
the IPCC estimates that up to 33% of coastal land and wetlands could be lost in the next 100 years.
Harbors may become blocked by sediment due to increased rates of coastal erosion.