separating methods - Coggle Diagram
Filtration is a method for separating an insoluble solid from a liquid
If a substance does not dissolve in a solvent, we say that it is insoluble. For example, sand does not dissolve in water – it is insoluble.
the sand stays behind in the filter paper (it becomes the residue)
the water passes through the filter paper (it becomes the filtrate
Evaporation is used to separate a soluble solid from a liquid.
melting of ice cubes
drying of wet hair
drying clothes under the sun
Simple distillation is a method for separating the solvent from a solution.
separating saltwater to create pure water and salt.
Fractional distillation is a method for separating a liquid from a mixture of two or more liquids.
the separation of various components of crude oil.
chromatography is a method for separating dissolved substances from one another.