Synthetic Fibres Rayyan Khan 8B3 - Coggle Diagram
Rayyan Khan 8B3
USES OF NYLON
1 Clothing like shirts and raincoats
2 Industrial Uses like conveyer belts and parachutes
3 Making of fish nets.
NATURE OF NYLON
Nylon is a high strength fibre and is lightweight, lustrous and wrinkle free.
The fibres that make up Nylon are non-absorbent and smooth causing the fabric to dry quickly.
Mostly used in Umbrellas, Raincoats, Fishing Nets etc
Nylon is versatile and has good resistance and can handle many different types of temperatures.
Nylon is the first fully synthetic fibre.
Nylon is a polymer called
Nylon was developed in the 1930s by American Chemist
Wallace H. Carothers
who worked for duPont.
NATURE OF RAYON
Rayon is soft, smooth and comfortable.
Rayon is known for having a very shiny texture.
It is moisture absorbeng and breatheable.
USES OF RAYON
It is used to make textiles, surgical dressings and bandages
It is mixed with Cotton to make Bed Sheets
It is mixed with Wool to make Carpets
Rayon is obtained from a natural source, wood pulp, but it is further processed and considered to be man-made.
Rayon is made of Cellulose. Cellulose is a polymer made of repeating units of glucose as
Rayon is also known as
as its texture is kind of the same
USES OF ACRYLIC
Sweaters, hoodie, boots, hats, gloves
Upholstery, blankets, roller brushes etc
The American DuPont Corporation originally developed acrylic fiber in 1941 and traded it under the name
NATURE OF ACRYLIC
Acrylic is light weight, warm,
dries up quickly, easy to wash,
resistant to wrinkling and soft to touch.
Acrylic fibre fabrics a.k.a
are made from a synthetic polymer called
NATURE OF POLYESTER
Polyester is highly durable and resistant.
So it is used to make rope and other industrial purposes.
USES OF POLYESTER
PET (Poly ethylene terephthalate) is a polyester used to make bottles, utensils, wires.
Polyester is a polymer made of repeating units of a chemical called
(Esters give fruits their fruity smell)
Terylene is the first polyester created
Creation of Polyester was initially worked on by Wallace H. Carothers in the 1930s who focused his energies on Nylon.
A team of British scientists applied Carothers' work in 1941 to create Terylene (the first polyester fibre)