DISEÑO DE ESCENARIOS PROSPECTIVOS - Coggle Diagram
DISEÑO DE ESCENARIOS PROSPECTIVOS
PROJECTION AND CONSTRUCTION OF THE FUTURE
DESIGN A DESIRED FUTURE AND IDENTIFY THE WAY TO ACHIEVE IT
idea of what something should be in general, or an image of something formed by generalizing particularities
is the one actually used in companies
OBJECTIVE AND BENEFIT
SENSE OF PARTICIPATION
Objectives, contingency plans and arguments
Top management integrates strategic planning into managerial duty.
environmental assessment to be used as a premise in planning
FACTOR FORECAST PROCESS
The organization selects, encourages, develops a good leadership
senior managers must carefully fulfill all conceptual functions,
the environment within the school must be suitable for planning.
senior managers must be appropriately involved with the process
OPPORTUNITIES AND DANGER
GOALS AND OBJECTIVES FROM THE FUTURE TO THE PRESENT
Strategic management is the continuous exercise that allows establishing a general program of goals for the organization, as well as the means to achieve them.
Goals provide a sense of direction
Goals allow us to focus our efforts
Goals guide our plans and decisions
Goals serve to evaluate our progress
They are the ends that are pursued through an activity of one kind or another. They represent the terminal point of planning, the end that is pursued through organization, integration of personnel, direction and control.
cost benefit analysis
it is a technique for choosing the best plan when the objectives are less specific than sales, costs or profits
The objectives are usually oriented to the production or final result and are usually imprecise.
The alternatives usually represent general systems, programs or strategies for the fulfillment of objectives.
In selecting alternatives, managers can employ three basic approaches:
Research and Analysis
development of desired performance standards and subsequent comparison with them of actual performance
attempts are made to prevent negative deviations from standards by ensuring that managers at all levels effectively apply the fundamentals of management
argues that the higher the quality of managers and their subordinates, the less direct controls will be necessary.
Administrators operate in a complex environment
Well-trained and highly-skilled workforce - pride in craftsmanship and quality.
Exploitation of its strengths to take advantage of its potential, not only in the internal market but also in the external framework of the company.
Pursue the optimization of the strengths of the company and the minimization of its external threats.
people or groups that are subject, directly or indirectly, to the way the organization pursues its goals.
They include competitors, consumers, special interest groups, and government offices.
include employees and administrators.
DEFINITION OF INFLUENCES
FLEXIBILITY OR INFLEXIBILITY OF THE PLANS
CERTIDUM OR UNCERTAINTY OF GOALS AND PREMISES
DEGREE IN WHICH THE VARIABLES ARE MEASURED
IMPACT ON PEOPLE
ability to develop new ideas, is important for effective management
Phases of the creative process:
PROJECTED STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS
the structure of an organization must respond to the conditions in which it is found
a reflection of the authority of the management of a company
Authority in an organization is a socially determined right to exercise discretion; is subject to change.
limitations and customs of individuals.
fundamental logic for the organization
Establishment of company objectives
Formulation of objectives, policies and support plans.
Identification, analysis and classification of the activities necessary to meet those objectives.
Vertical and horizontal link between groups, through authority relationships and information flows.
Delegation to the person in charge of each group of the authority necessary for the
performance of activities.
DEFINITION OF SCENARIOS
Goal setting determines what is considered the purpose or mission of the company and the most important goals of the company for a certain future period
Long-term commitment of an organization to continuous quality improvements in order to meet and exceed customer expectations must be driven by top management, it is considered an organizational way of life. ACT is simply effective administration.
HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
The administrative function of integration of personnel consists of occupying and thus maintaining the positions of the organizational structure.