CIVICS AND CITIZENSHIP TERM 3 , - Coggle Diagram
CIVICS AND CITIZENSHIP
6 Key Concepts
people should treat each other in a manner that is fair and balanced for all.
good citizens contribute or take part in society through activities such as voting in an election or referendum, serving in a jury, or paying taxes.
The Westminster System
a parliament system that consists of 2 chambers (houses), the members of these houses are elected by the people to make laws.
a sovereign (king, queen or governor general) the head of state has various powers and is required to give final approval on a law.
Rights and Responsibilities
refers to our entitlements and duties as citizens. for example, rights; freedom of religion, protection against discrimination, responsibilities; pay taxes, obeying the law.
this is a system of government run by the people for the people. in Australia we have a representative democracy meaning we vote for representatives to make laws on our behalf.
the beliefs and ideals held by our society as a democracy; respect, equality, fairness and freedom
Principles of Australian Government
Government must protect the rights and freedoms of individuals
we must have laws that; protect broad rights to freedom of speech, assembly and expression, limits offensive or indecent behaviours
Government makes laws that reflect the views and values of the people
we have a representative democracy meaning the government have to make laws that reflect our; views, values and moral standards.
this is upheld by free and fair elections, Australia also has a compulsory voting system (all citizens over 18 must vote in state and federal elections)
Government must be accountable
responsible government: government must able to justify their actions and decisions
this is upheld by parliamentary question time you can also email or get in contact with your local member of parliament.
Separation of powers
no single group or body within our parliamentary system has power of both political and legal system. in Australia the three main powers are; executive, legislative and judiciary