Ngäbere and the Buglere. The Ngäbere alphabet has 26 letters: 8 vowels (a, ä, e, i, o, ö, u, ü) and 18 consonants (b, ch, d, g, gw, j, k, kw, l, m, n, ng, ngw, ñ, r, s, t, y). The Buglere alphabet is made up of 25 letters: 5 vowels and 20 consonants. Through their languages they continue to transmit cultural knowledge to their generations. They have little or no command of the Spanish language.
The Kunas are unique in their culture and in their political structure, they have always fought for their rights. In 1925 the Tule revolution began when the central government wanted to absorb them into the national government, and it was not until 1938 that the Kunas joined after the government guaranteed their rights to autonomy and regional reserve.
The Emberá-Wounaan., Their language, their concept of the land, their pride in their tradition and their history.
The Nasos, known until recently as Teribes, their language, their physical features and their character or "way of being", are an example of coexistence with nature, a monarchy with democracy.
The Bri Bri, who now have their aspirations to have a region. They are nomads, but they represent a significant human group with 400 families in Panama.