Normans: Revolts and Resistance - Coggle Diagram
Normans: Revolts and Resistance
Edwin & Morcar were taken as hostage back to Normandy to ensure that they didn't revolt whilst he wasn't there.
1068, they returned and organised a rebellion in Mercia
Response to the Normans' cruelty
William made his way North, despite dealing with a plethora of revolts already.
Built lots of defensive castles
Submitted to William again. Pardoned, but taken as hostages again
1068, Morcar replaced with a Norman (Earl of Northumbria)
Done without consulting locals
People disliked this
Rebellion against him. Edwin & Morcar helped. Resulted massacre of new Earl & 900 of his men
William's army stole and destroyed every village from Humber to Tees
Ploughed salt to stop new crops from growing
Inhabitants not murdered, left to starve (100,000 people died)
Led to cannibalism, eating cats, dogs etc.
Moved South, some dying along the way ("Harrying of the North")
This didn't stop resistance
1070: Hereward (English rebel) returned. Found land taken over by Normans & murdered brother's head above the door
Crept up to Normans and slaughtered them and replaced their heads instead of his brother's